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Word Count: 380
When Germany was divided into American Soviet British and French occupation zones after World War II Berlin although located within the Soviet Zone became a separate unit The arrangement symbolized the citys continuing role as the capital of a Germany that was still considered one country In 1948 however soon after the breakup of the four-power administration of the former nation of Germany the joint administration of Berlin also came to an end Claiming that Berlin had lost its status as the capital of a united Germany and should therefore be incorporated into the Soviet Zone the USSR tried to force the Western powers out of their respective sectors of the city by blockading the land routes to that part of Berlin The attempt was foiled with a massive 11-month-long airlift but the city remained divided Soviet-held East Berlin was eventually incorporated into the GDR but West Berlin remained a separate territory with its own government and close economic and cultural ties to the Federal Republic of Germany FRG also known as West Germany Bonn was made the capital of West Germany in 1949 In June 1953 workers on the Stalinallee construction project in East Berlin struck to protest a 10 percent rise in production goals This grew to a wave of demonstrations and strikes throughout the GDR Some 100000 demonstrators marched on the GDR House of Ministries in East Berlin Clashes with police and attacks on state offices and food stores followed and Soviet tanks and troops arrived to restore order Some 260 demonstrators 116 police and 18 Soviet soldiers were killed during the fighting it is estimated that more than 100 civilians were executed and many imprisoned after the suppression of the uprising Beginning in August 1961 the East German government built the Berlin Wall along the dividing line between East and West Berlin to stop the flight of East Germans to West Berlin and from there to West Germany In the mid-1960s
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