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There is a trend in Swedish companies to use team-based organisational design when striving for process orientation The first question put forth in this paper is whether this design supports a process orientation Since the teams usually are rather autonomous it is not obvious that they become integrated with other teams in the process The second question put forth is if and how management control in a broad sense can support an integration of the teams In an explorative field survey aiming for an overview of the topic eight industrial plants have been studied Four of the cases are presented in this paper Observations and conclusions are presented as follows Firstly the teams can become objects of suboptimization but they can also support integration by creating empowerment with the employees Secondly there seem to be two basic modes of process orientation one more mechanically and one more mentally focused Not surprisingly a mental mode seems to better support an integration of the teams Thirdly the control system used in one of the cases is compared with Ouchis clan concept Fourthly the control mechanisms do seem to be of importance either supporting or preventing a mental process orientation One important aspect is if the different control mechanisms are integrated themselves or if they are sending contradictory signals Another aspect is the object of the performance measures Finally to continue the research use of an action research method is proposed in order to study the implementation process Organizational Behavior in Education Instructional Leadership and School Reform Seventh Edition by Robert G Owens Hofstra University New York and Carl R Steinhoff University of Nevada Las Vegas USA Understanding the organizational culture of a school requires one to uncover the assumptions - unspoken taken for granted in the preconscious - that give rise to organizational culture Because cultural assumptions are so commonplace ubiquitous so taken for granted by participants that
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