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Word Count: 941
There are five basic components of the human societies population culture material products social organization and social institutions These components may either deter or promote social change The size of population will greatly affect the social change If the population is large chances are social changes will be promoted More people will usually result in more ideas SOCIAL CHANGE Societies like species evolve in directions that are opened or constrained in part by internal forces such as technological developments or political traditions The conditions of one generation limit and shape the range of possibilities open to the next On the one hand each new generation learns the societys cultural forms and thus does not have to reinvent strategies for producing food handling conflict educating young people governing and so forth It also learns aspirations for how society can be maintained and improved On the other hand each new generation must address unresolved problems from the generation before tensions that may lead to war wide-scale drug abuse poverty and deprivation racism and a multitude of private and group grievances Slavery in the early history of the United States for example still has serious consequences for African-Americans and for the US economy education health care and judicial systems in general Grievances may be relieved just enough to make people tolerate them or they may overflow into revolution against the structure of the society itself Many societies continue to perpetuate centuries-old disputes with others over boundaries religion and deeply felt beliefs about past wrongs Governments generally attempt to engineer social change by means of policies laws incentives or coercion Sometimes these efforts work effectively and actually make it possible to avoid social conflict At other times they may precipitate conflict For example setting up agricultural communes in the Soviet Union against the farmers wishes to farm their own private land was achieved only with armed force and the loss of millions of lives The liberation of slaves
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