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The people known today as Zulu are formed together about 165 years ago Many independent clans combining all of whom had lived in the eastern coastal parts of South Africa for centuries formed them The name Zulu itself was originally the name of one man whose descendants made up the Zulu clan In 1816 this small clan gained a new ruler by the name of Shaka Chaka An expert militarist he led the small Zulu clan in a conquest of his neighbors The Zulus soon became a very powerful empire ruling over a vast amount of land and peoplesThe first white settlers came to Southern Africa in 1488 when the famous Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias around the southernmost tip of the continent of Africa Starting at 1600 the English the Dutch and the French set up chartered companies to conduct trades in the East Indies Of the three only the Dutch formally set up a base in the region The base became important as a halfway point to provide fresh food to ships traveling from Europe to the East Over the years Dutch and German Settlers and some French Protestant refugees continued to arrive From 1658 on enslaved Africans were regularly imported Society developed between free whites which had civil rights and enslaved Africans who had very few rights All of this did not go unnoticed by the many African groups the Zulus included and who occupied southern AfricaIn 1795 the British controlled the Cape of Good Hope By then the white settlers mostly Dutch began to find an attachment to their newly settledconquered land They called themselves Afrikaner or Boer meaning framer and they had their own language Afrikaans derived from 17th Century Dutch The colonys frontiers had also extended leading to much conflict with native African Khoisan and Bantu peoples Five thousand settlers were brought out from Britain in 1820 and were given farms along the eastern frontier Most however became townsmen and
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