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HRM integration with strategic management A businesses strategic management decision-making process usually takes place at its top levels with a strategic planning group consisting of the Chief Executive Officer CEO the Chief Financial Officer and Executive members It is important to note that each component of the process involves people-related business issues Noe R et al 2003 With this in mind it is essential that the HRM function is involved in each of the decision-making components In recent years the most striking change in HRMs role is its growing importance in developing and implementing strategy Traditionally business strategy was incorporated in the role of the Operating Line Managers Dessler G et al 1999 Human Resources Management is directed mainly at management needs for human resources not necessarily employees to be provided and deployed There is greater emphasis on planning monitoring and control rather than on problem-solving and mediation It is totally identified with Management interests being a general Management activity and is relatively distant from the workforce as a whole Legge K 1995 Golden argues that four levels of integration exist between the HRM function and the Strategic Management function - administrative linkage one-way linkage two-way linkage and integrative linkage In administrative linkage the HRMs function is focused on day-to-day activities The HRM Executive has no time or opportunity to take a strategic outlook toward HRM issues In one-way linkage the companys strategic business planning function develops the strategic plan and then informs the HRM function of the plan thus constituting Strategic HRM - to design systems and or programs that implement the strategic plan Two-way linkage allows for the consideration of HR issues during the strategy formulation process and the integrative linkage is dynamic and multifaceted based on continuing rather than sequential interaction Noe R et al 2003 This process helps to cement the case for a HRM Executive to be an integral member of the Senior Management Team In todays environment direction
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