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Word Count: 552
I Life-Span Perspective A Historical - view of children and child development has changed throughout history 1 Aries used samples of art to conclude life development consisted of only two phases Infancy and adulthood Results biased toward only studying European Aristocrats 2 Egyptians Grecians and Romans held rich conceptions of childrens development 3 Three Philosophical Views Original Sin Middle Ages - children are inherently evil and societal constraints and salvation are necessary for children to become mature adults Tabula rasa 17th CenturyJohn Locke - child is a blank tablet upon which experience writes Innate Goodness 18th CenturyJean Rousseau - children are basically good and should be allowed to grow naturally without constraints from parents or society 4 Childhood currently viewed as unique period of life that creates the foundation for adult years special time of growth and change resources invested in caring for and educating our children Child Labor Laws Juvenile Justice Governmental provisions for helping families in need of social welfare 5 Research does not support G Stanley Halls view - adolescence period of storm and stress 1988 Cross Cultural - most adolescents have positive self-images Characterized as competent happy enjoying life confident in sexuality and ability to cope effectively with stress 6 Adolescence - developmental period that is characterized by physical social and legal identity Industrial revolution child labor laws juvenile justice and compulsory education laws 7 Developmental changes occur throughout adulthood increasing average life expectancies - study of aging elimination of mandatory retirement requirements - value on contributions of elderly B Characteristics of Life-Span development 1 Life-long 2 Multi-dimensional - Biological Cognitive and Social 3 Multi-directional - some dimensions increase with age and some decrease born with more neuronshooked up better with age 4 Plasticity - development can take many paths 5 Historically embedded - development affected by historical events 6 Multidisciplinary - studied by many psychologists biologists
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