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Word Count: 606
Hythloday starts his discussion of Utopia culture and society with a description of the island It is crescent-shaped and between the two horns of the island the sea is protected and calm It is easy for ships to anchor there and therefore ships from every port of the world arrive at Utopia However the sea at both the corners of the crescent is rough and treacherous A high rock rises from the sea at the center and on this a tower has been built Soldiers are garrisoned in the tower and act as sentries There are also other hidden rocks that are very dangerous to seafarers Unless one knows the lay of the land or is a local he should not venture into these perilous seas Utopia has fifty-four cities or shire towns that are large and well maintained All the people speak the same language have the same manners institutions and laws These cities are situated at equal distances from each other They follow a similar plan All the towns are only twenty-four miles apart The capital is Amaurot situated at the center of the island The land surrounding each city provides all the resources that the citizens need Husbandry is very important Every house has a shed to hold the tools These homes average about forty persons and there are two slaves in every household Every thirty families are under a sort of bailiff called the Philarch There is a constant rotation of the population between the country and the city to enable everyone to learn all skills and to ensure that the knowledge is kept fresh People after working for about two years in the country are sent to the cities Working on a farm mainly means tilling the land growing crops and raising
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