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Iliotibial Band Friction SyndromeIliotibial band friction syndromeITBFS also known as runners knee is avery common athletic injury that effects the knee Runners knee is especially proneto long distance runners or athletes who participate in activities that require highlyrepetitive running In greater detail I will be discussing the causes of this injuryspecifically the biomechanics anatomy and symptoms involved also ways ofpreventing this injury by identifying common training errors and the appropriatetraining modifications needed and finally a variety of ways for treatment andrehabilitation to help improve the injury The iliotibial band is a thick band of tissue that extends from the thighfemurdown over the knee and attaches to the tibia When the knee bends flexion andstraightens extension the iliotibial band slides over the lateral femoral epicondylethe bony part of outer knee Iliotibial band friction syndrome refers specifically to thelateral knee pain related to irritation and inflammation to the point at which the bandcrosses the lateral femoral epicondyle This type of irritation occurs when the knee isflexed at approximately an angle greater than 30 degrees because the iliotibial bandshifts posteriorly behind the lateral femoral epicondyle During extension the bandshifts back anteriorly in front of the lateral femoral epicondyle and it is this motionthat causes friction between the iliotibial band and the lateral femoral epicondylewhich leads to irritation and inflammation within the iliotibial band Iliotibial band friction syndrome is a condition not unique to runners it and itssymptoms are now frequently seen in cyclists weight lifters skiers and soccerplayers The most obvious sign that you have ITBFS is the pain felt usually duringexercise Runners will describe the pain on the outside part of the knee or lowerthigh The degree of discomfort runs from dull aching sensation to a sharp stabbingpain The pain is not localized so most suffers cannot put their finger on oneparticular spot Suffers will generally use the flat of their hand to describe thelocation of the pain One easy self test to know if you might
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