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Abstract With cargo demand growth and less harm in the environment barge transport becomes an important method to ship freight from seaport to hinterland How to improve cost-effectiveness is an important issue to date Bundling concepts cooperation levels and efficient communication in the ports and terminals are the popular topics Introduction of Barge transportA barge is a type of vessel and usually used in the inland water way to transport freight To enhance its capacity the shaped of bottom of the barge is usually flat There are two main types of barge one is self-propelled vessel and push-boat push barge Wiegmans Konings 2007 The barge can carry different commodities First of all the dry bulk cargo barge is usually shipped the dry bulk cargo such as food grains sand minerals like steel and coal and other dry commodities Secondly barges carrying liquid cargo is carried petrochemicals and other necessary important industrial liquid chemicals Sharda 2011 Thirdly the car-float barge is used to transport rail-carts Sharda 2011 Last the container barge is really popular recently This container barge service is used to transport containers between seaports and their hinterlands Konings Schuylenbur Pielage Rijsenbrij 2007 Advantages and constraints Comparing with other transport mode there are many advantages in using barge transport The barge transport is energy efficiency owning larger capacity safer and less congestion In addition the transportation cost is relatively low On the other hand the constraints of barge transport are geographic condition and relatively slow speed Energy efficiencyMany studies show that barge is more energy efficiency than other transport mode US Congressional budget office implement a research in 1982 compares the energy efficiency of different mode of transportation see Table 1 From the table we can conclude that the barge transport is more energy efficient than other transport mode In addition Eastman 1980 points out that barge transport is the most efficient mode to transport the raw materials and semi-finished products He says
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