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AbstractPsychosocial impact has attracted increasing attention in disastersituations This paper briefly describes some common mental healthinterventions in disasters natural and man-made disasters Significantdisasters have affected mental impacts such as traumatic and emotionalreactions on many people The paper focuses on internationalhumanitarian organizations that were involved and what the types ofmental or psychological interventions that were applied to reduce thestresses of victims and survivors by using specific examples of naturaldisasters such as Indonesia tsunami and Haiti earthquake Finally thepaper discuses how each humanitarian organization has worked differentlyand commonly Natural disasters had extreme and diverse impacts on individuals andcommunities can be expected to be suffering from psychological stressshock and grief Huge natural disasters such as earthquake tsunamiand Hurricane can destroy health care infrastructures and there may bevery limited access to health care services but physical andpsychological care Kato et al 2011 All disasters can adverselyaffect people both physically and psychologically People in theaffected areas lose family members or loved ones homes jobs andcommunities After disasters survivors often feel distresses because oftheir disaster experiences and losses Many disaster events can bestressful and often require urgent action Mental health care can bejust as important as physical health care and poor mental supportstructures in any catastrophic event leads to psychological problemssuch as anxiety serious depression and Posttraumatic stress disorderPTSD Providing appropriate mental health services in disaster may bea challenge right after massive disasters Also psychological impactsof great disasters are serious and can be severe long lasting Indisaster many Nonprofit Organizations work local some functionnationwide and others operate at the international level for mitigate orrecover Each NGO has developed innovate and provided mental healthprograms in order to support and solve the wide range of mental healthproblems after disasters Mental Health and Psychological Interventions in the DisasterThe National Center for PTSDs disaster mental health treatment ndnoted that after a disaster if survivors still feel troubled after afew weeks they may need some form of help like psychological first aidPFA or group debriefing which
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