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I am a constructivist I think that knowledge is a matter of constant new construction by its interaction with reality and that it not pre-formed There is a continuous creativity wwwtimecomtimetime100scientistprofilepiagethtml This quote is from Jean Piaget a Swiss psychologist born in 1896 who through studies of his own three children tried to better understand how children acquire knowledge and intellectual thought To this day Piagets work is still highly criticized although it was ground breaking at the time Throughout this dissertation the author will discuss Piagets main theories and also will juxtapose them with the work of other psychologists in the field of child development In 1919 Piaget went to the Sorbonne University in Paris while in Paris Piaget worked at Binet laboratories on the standardization of intelligence tests Piaget then left and set up his own research programme he integrated his own experiences of psychiatric work with the questioning and observational strategies that he had learned whilst in Paris Out of this synthesis emerged what Piaget has been known for the clinical interview - an open-ended conversational technique for eliciting childrens thinking process Smith and Cowie 1988 p315 An example of this type of interview technique would be as follows Adult Does the moon move or not Child When we go it goes Adult What makes it move Child We do Adult How Child When we walk It goes by itself Piaget 1929 pp146-7 This is a typical example of how Piaget conducts his interview with children is his experimenting with This and more techniques were widely used by Piaget in his attempt to understand the development of the child To demonstrate how Piaget conducted his research the author will now go onto exemplify the four main stages Piaget claimed that children passed through a series of stages of thinking that were qualitatively different from each other Sutherland 1992 The first of these stages is the sensori-motor stage During this stage
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