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Word Count: 668
Locke says that the state has a responsibility to preserve peoples private property He 1688 says The great and chief end therefore of mens uniting into common-wealths and putting themselves under government is the preservation of their property p 262 The state has to set laws which establish the rights of the people to own property It has to have judges to decide between disputes And it has to have people to execute the law once its passed The reason why people join a society is to get this particular protection for their property or else they would have remained in a state of nature For the same reason they have to protect it they cant take it away as well Since people join a society to preserve their property not to have it taken away If the state would have the right to take it away it would be as if they wouldnt have any property at all Since Locke 1688 says I have truly no property in that which another can by right take from me when he pleases against my consent p 266 People would be a lot better off living in a state of nature where at least they have a right to try to defend themselves when someone tried to take their property They would never willingly agree for the state to have the right to take their property whenever they pleased In order for Locke to come up with his opinions of the role of state in regarding property he assumed a number of things including people have a right to their own preservation the way to acquire property is through labor in the land and that land is better acquired than lying not toiled in the common Locke 1688 says that men being once born have a right to their preservation p 250 As soon as a person is born he automatically has the right
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