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John Locke was an English philosopher and the founder of empiricism He was born in 1632 at Wrinton in Somerset and was the son of a Puritan attorney He was educated at Westminster by Puritans and studied mathematics and medicine at Christ Church College at Oxford In 1666 he met Anthony Ashley Cooper the first earl of Shaftesbury Later on he became an advisor to the Whigs first earl of Shaftesbury where he lived in 1667 He held several important positions until 1684 when he was expelled from England for being involved in plots against the king He then traveled to France and lived in Holland where he became known by the Prince of Orange who later became William III When William III received the throne Locke became favored again and held the positions of commissioner of appeals an advisor on coinage and a member of the council of trade The emphasis on natural rights was brought about largely by the writings of John Locke He said that the authority of the government depended on the consent of the people Locke believed that originally people lived in a state of nature without restrictions on their freedom They soon realized that without any restrictions confusion would soon be the result if everyone enforced their own rights People agreed to live under a common government but they didnt want to surrender their rights of nature to the government The people expected the government to protect their rights especially life liberty and property Lockes ideas of limited government and natural rights became part of the English Bill of Rights 1689 the French Declaration of the Rights of Man 1789 and the US Bill of Rights 1791pg 610 John Locke had two major contributions the Two Treatises of Government and the Essay Concerning Human Understanding Locke wrote Two Treatises of Government in 1679 and 1680 but they were too radical to publish at that time they
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