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In his Second Treatise of Government John Locke explains his views on property right Some scholars may believe he is more concerned with government as a protector of property rights than of its liberty They are wrong The foundation of Lockes text is derived from the belief that law and government begin with property right and this includes liberty Locke was very concerned with the property right and derived property right from higher law although for Locke that higher law remained natural rather than the result of Divine Revelation He declared that natural law remained operative in civil society as the fundamental measure of a mans liberty For Locke natural law essentially begins and ends with the natural right of property The true end of civil government is protecting property and the right of property is the effective limitation upon the powers of the government Locke interpreted natural law as a claim to liberty This claim is an innate undisp utable right inherent in each individual Both government and society exist to preserve individual liberty as well as property right If such rights were compromised that would be a limitation on the authority of both According to Locke primitive man existed in a state of nature which was one of peace good will mutual assistance and preservation He defends this latter concern on the ground that the law of nature provides a complete accouterment of human rights and duties The defect of the state of nature lies merely in the fact that is has no organization to give effect to the rules of right such as judges written laws and fixed penalties Locke maintains that whatever is right or wrong is so eternally and positive law adds nothing to the ethical quality of different kinds of conduct it merely provides an apparatus for effective enforcement In the state of nature every man must believe in liberty and protect his
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