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An important aspect of all social contract arguments is the placement of limits both on the power of the government and on the level of state tolerance John Locke wrote of the limitations of government power in the Second Treatise of Government and of the limits of toleration in his Letter Concerning Toleration Locke claims that there is a moral limitation on the on the state as well as a moral limitation on tolerance Mans main purpose for forming commonwealths according to Locke is in order to protect property All laws and regulations of the commonwealth are based on the main principle of preserving property The state is thus limited in that it cannot take a mans property away from him If he has consented to the contract necessary to live in the state his property is thusly protected by laws The only way a mans property can be taken away is if he breaks his end of the contract and is therefore no longer under contract The state is also limited in that its power can only be used to enhance the public good of the society All commonwealths must first establish a legislative power whose business is the preservation of the society The legislative can have no more power than is given to it by the people Their power in the utmost bounds of it is limited to the public good of the society It is a power that hath no other end but preservation and therefore can never have a right to destroy enslave or designedly to impoverish the subjects Legislative authority is granted by the people and must work for the people The supreme authority cannot be arbitrary in its decrees It is bound to dispense justice All laws must be standing promulgated laws and based on the unwritten laws of nature The natural laws that a mans property cannot be taken away without his consent are the
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