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Mathew Jelonkiewicz Answered Question 2 Lockes Ideas on Property John Locke was considered one of the first modern liberal thinkers of our times His ideas and theories permeate throughout many of the democratic worlds constitutions He authored many essays during his lifetime but one of the more famous ones was the Second Treatise on Government attributed to him only after passing This writing is concerned with individual man coming together into a political society and outlines the type of government that is needed to help this coming together of people The Second Treatise of Government has many key elements such as natural rights social contract government by consent and the right of revolution But unquestionably all of these elements are a precursor to Lockes Raison DEtre of government The great and chief end therefore of mans uniting into commonwealths and putting themselves under civil government is the preservation of their property For Locke natural law or law in the state of nature begins and ends with the natural right of property Locke believed primitive man existed in a state of nature which was one of peace goodwill and preservation In this state property was common in the sense that everyone had an equal right to draw subsistence from whatever was offered in nature Man had a natural right to that with which he mixed his labour The fundamental idea behind this theory on private property was that by expending ones internal energy owns labour power upon something that item became a part of oneself or ones private property This theory on property contained a second part sometimes referred to as the spoilage proviso The idea behind the spoilage proviso was that one was entitled to take out of the common only as much as one could make use of to ones advantage before it spoiled Whatever is taken beyond this is considered more than ones share and belonged
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