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John Watson was born 1878 in South Carolina He studied biology physiology and behaviour of the animals as he was deeply inspired by Ivan Pavlov and his studies on conditioning Dissatisfied with the approach at that time to psychology and inspired by Pavlov work Watson developed a new way of studying human behaviourMany American psychologists including John Watson was to aiming to modify behaviour through conditioning at that time and take psychology on the different path In 1913 Watson published an article in which he outlined new ideas and views about psychology The article was called Manifesto in which Watson proposed a new approach called behaviourism Watson describe his point of view about psychologyas independent study in three ways psychology as objective science predict and control behaviour studying other species behaviourWatson was following of research of Ivan Pavlov and in his articles outlined his views about psychology based on the work of Ian Pavlov and his idea of classical conditioning Watson strongly believed in stimuli and response theory as main factors of learning Critics arguing that Watson just crystallised the idea already emerging in psychology As starting point of changes Watson didnt agree with Freud and proposed that psychology as science should abandon imaginary dreams and introspection as they were invalid methods Consciousness cannot be proven in any physical aspect therefore it should be abandoned at this stage Watson underestimate a role of consciousness He proposed also that emotions should be studied in terms of physical and physiological manifestation not via introspection One of the Watson goals was eliminating the study of the mind and replace it with observation of human behaviourHis difficult childhood pushed himto work with animals at the beginning of his career as he felt uncomfortable with humans Watson program was animal psychology which was based on Darwin evolutionary theory and was linked to attempt to demonstration existence of brain in animals and continuity between humans and animals Watson was mainly
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