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The satirists shared a talent for making other individuals feel uncomfortable particularly by making them aware of their own moral inadequacies They used irony derision and wit to attack human vice or folly One method the satirist utilized to catch their readers attention while also making them feel uncomfortable was to describe those things that were deemed inappropriate to discuss openly in society The classical example of a topic that was discussed behind closed doors yet the satirist used freely was sex Mention of such things as sex can always bring a giggle excite feelings of hidden passion or make ones cheeks rosy from embarrassment John Wilmot Second Earl of Rochester and Jonathan Swift were two satirist that were noted for using perverse language and graphic depictions to elicit desired emotions from their readers and to wage their attacks on human folly To understand Rochesters use of sex in his work one must understand his distaste for reason This can be seen in his poem A Satyr Against Mankind when he comments Women and Men of wit are dangrous tools and ever fatal to admiring fools Rochester viewed reason as a vice rather than an admirable trait in man When man followed a course of action that was advised by reason he turned into a coward who often betrayed his ideals his family and his friends Rochester believed that to enjoy true happiness one must follow a course dictated by passion Unlike reason the passions do not betray ones senses and ideals According to Rochester the passions define who an individual is because the passions encompass ones emotions and desires Reason cannot fully comprehend such a thing Rochester highlights this belief in his poems with tales of lust and sexual innuendoes He uses perverse language and topics not only to mock those that believe reason is the human faculty that can bring about self-satisfaction
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