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Justifying Revolutions Based on the Political Philosophies of John Locke and Edmund Burke The removal of a particular legal or political authority from power or more commonly noted as a rebellion is often far too controversial as to take the position of one side or the other There are certain limits particularly regarding violence and bloodshed that restrict ones ideology concerning the extent to which rebellion or revolution is necessary or understandable In such apprehension we come across the philosophies of two substantial figures in respect not only to the past but the present and presumably the future as well John Locke and Edmund Burke authors of Second Treatise of Government and Reflections on the Revolution in France respectively both acknowledge and justify rebellion However both have distinct notions pertaining to when a rebellion is permissible In order to solidify an answer to such a debatable topic if even such a conclusion exists the dogma of Burke and Locke must be compared and contrasted Initially Locke believes in a State of Nature the state all men are naturally ina state of perfect freedom a state also of equality p8 This state is believed to be pre-political and what men are naturally born into In such a state it is desirable to attain property as this is the means by which the individual preserves him or herself Locke further explains that individual property does not naturally exist but it is achievable through the use of labor Locke believed that the individual owned labor and any task performed with the body of labor became the property of that body In such a way the individual can appropriate land Since land is appropriated through labor the land itself would in effect become a part of the individual Therefore a natural law had to exist Locke alleged that the law of nature in fact governed the state of nature in order to assure its harmonious
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