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Descartes vs Plato In the field of philosophy there can be numerous answers to a general question depending on a particular philosophers views on the subject Often times an answer is left undetermined In the broad sense of the word and also stated in the dictionary philosophy can be described as the pursuit of human knowledge and human values There are many different people with many different theories of knowledge Two of these people also philosophers in which this paper will go into depth about are Descartes and Plato Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy and Platos The Republic are the topics that are going to be discussed in this paper In Meditations Descartes brings doubt to everything he believes because it is human nature to believe that which is false He states that most of what he believes comes from the senses and that a lot of times those senses can be deceived His conclusion of doubting everything is based on his example of a basket of apples It goes as follows you have a basket of apples but you fear that some apples have gone bad and you dont want them to rot the others so you throw all the apples out of the basket Now that the basket is empty you examine each apple carefully and return the good apples to the basket This is what he does with his beliefs he follows and keeps only those beliefs of which he is sure of Our beliefs as a whole must be discarded and then each individual belief must be looked at carefully before we can accept it We must only accept those beliefs we feel are good Descartes does realize though that we cant throw every belief out because they are a part of us unlike the apples If the beliefs were not a part of us we would have no basis for recovering any of the discarded beliefs because we are unable
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