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Word Count: 940
The human being is destined by his reason to live in a society with human beings and in it to cultivate himself to civilize himself and to moralize himself by means of the arts and sciences Italics in the text Kant 229 In this quote the term society points the fact that in Kants philosophy human beings are seen as social animals Kant argued that unlike other animals that can survive alone humans are social and hence they can only survive collectively Kant argued that arts and sciences are two important means that enable human beings to civilize as well as for the promotion of peace and moral values Despite the emphasis on human beings as social animals and the humans technical pragmatic and moral dispossessions Kant asked whether the human being by nature is a sociable animal or a solitary one who shies away from his neighbors The latter is the most probable one Kant 227 Given what Kant argued humans are social animals who are endowed with the capacity of reason in page 226 why and how Kant has arrived to such a conclusionKants view of arts and sciences stands in sharp contrast to that of Rousseau Rousseau argued that our souls have become corrupted in proportion as our Sciences and our Arts have advanced toward perfection Rousseau 9 In opposition to Rousseau Kant argued that sciences and arts ennoble humanity Kant 230 Furthermore unlike Rousseau whom argued that humans should live in isolation and in the state of nature Kant argued that not individual humans but the human race at the collective level can only achieve progress Kant 228 For Kant rationality is universal and every person comes with this rationality irrespective of the persons class gender race or nation Hegel saw such a notion of rationality problematic Hegel looked at the self not as something given but rather as a being in the making Hence Hegel argued that people come to
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