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Airplanes in the Twentieth Century To the Wright Brothers alone belong the credit and the honor for giving the world the aero technology which changed the course of history as no other They have given mankind a great and vital commercial air transportation system the aerospace industry and air power for defense The dedication in adversity serves as an inspiration to all mankind These We Honor 2 The invention of the airplane was inspired by a German pioneer Litienthal Litienthal flew gliders and when Wilbur heard of this he was inspired to make the airplane These We Honor 2 From owning a bicycle shop with his brother he and his brother determined to make the first man-flying machine These We Honor 2 In 1896 the newspapers were filled with accounts of flying machines Wilbur and Orville noticed that all these primitive aircraft lacked suitable controls They began to wonder how a pilot might balance an aircraft in the air just as a cyclist balances his bicycle on the road In 1899 Wilbur devised a simple system that twisted or warped the wings of a biplane causing it to roll right or left They tested this system in a kite then a series of gliders They made their first test flights at Kitty Hawk North Carolina on the shores of the Atlantic where the strong winds helped to launch the gliders and the soft sands helped to cushion the fall when they crashed Their first two gliders flown in 1900 and 1901 failed to perform as the Wrights had hoped The gliders did not provide enough lift nor were they fully controllable So during the winter of 1901-1902 Wilbur and Orville built a wind tunnel and conducted experiments to determine the best wing shape for an airplane This enabled them to build a glider with sufficient lift
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