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AR 305-Baroque Art Midterm Exam 1 Bernini was an Italian architect and sculptor who lived 1598-1680 During the reign of Urban VIII Bernini created several large-scale commissions around St Peters Basilica His plan of the square and colonnades in front of the basilica was an amazing architectural achievement Bernini was a man of intense faith and the supreme artist during the Catholic Counter-Reformation Read p 42-43 He was selected as Vatican architect in 1629 In 1642 he began working on the ornamentation of the funerary chapel of Cardinal Federigo Cornaro in the Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa 1645-52 is a masterful religious sculpture and is a skillful example of Berninis use of various materials Read p43 The sculpture represents a vision in which an angel pierces Saint Teresa of Avilas body with an arrow many times The piercing sends Teresa into religious state of ecstasy The angel and Teresa are depicted floating upon clouds Bernini illustrates the emotions and movements of the figures as well as creating different colors and textures in the white marble He carved the marble of Saint Teresas habit into a thick material but still manages to show her faint body underneath the angel is draped in a gauzy material Berninis use of different textures illustrates his mastery of sculptural techniques Above the sculpture are downward rays of gilt bronze that are lit by an unseen window The rays shining on the sculpture give a theatric feeling to the piece and invite the viewer to become emotionally involved in the art This Baroque characteristic is used to encourage a renewed faith in the viewer by associating with Teresas emotion Stokstad p 760 Several of Wolfflins principles can be applied to The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa The sculpture is linear with a strong emphasis on line The gilded rays guide the viewers eye down to Teresas body There is a multiplicity to the
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