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Word Count: 889
Philosophers live and encourage others to live according to the rules of practical wisdom Aristotle Immanuel Kant and Emmanuel Levinas were three philosophers who sorted out various ethical approaches They investigated complex human actions and theorized what is the ethical thing to do For instance Aristotle contemplated the aim of human life Kant observed duty and obligation from respect for the law and Levinas examined ones responsibility to the Other These unique points of view offer different answers regarding the search for the good In addition to their differences these philosophers are bound together by similar ideas For example each of the philosophers believed in optimism-- they thought that all humans are naturally ethical In addition each of the philosophers believed in using reason to be ethical They emphasized the concept of living well and acting well by using virtuous habits and good character to reach the good Furthermore they all believed in self actualization-- in other words ethically being the best one can be They all thought an ethical person must be rational and responsible for their actions They proposed that each person has a duty towards others and society Aristotle lived during the BC era and established the concept of teleological ethics This means that ethics has a purpose or a reason He stressed the concept of doctrine of the mean-- maintaining balance in ones actions Additionally he theorized the idea of developing virtuous habits to build good character as well as that happiness is the main goal of all human beings He explained how reaching ones potential by living well and acting well will ultimately lead to happiness Moreover he stated one should base ones actions on reason and he introduced the concept that reason controls desire Immanuel Kant was a philosopher who lived the majority his life in the 1700s He believed that an individual should use God freedom and immortality to be able to pursue and attain the supreme good
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