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Word Count: 524
The entire protestant reformation began with the work of Martin Luther a German monk who had questions about the Roman Catholic Church He asked a priest about his problems and the priest told him to look for the answer within the bible Martin Luther looked in the bible and realized all the troubles that were going on in the Church Knowing its problems Luther nailed a document with the problems entitled the 95 Theses His document started the whole protestant reformation There were many people who contributed to the reformation John Calvin was one of these contributors Calvin was raised as a humanist and believed that people the individual and not merely the kings and bishops should have a share in political and religious policy making Calvin was responsible for the pattern of church government known as Presbyterianism Calvin believed in the absolute sovereignty of God and he denied that human beings were capable of free will and he elaborated a doctrine of predestinationthat God elects certain people to salvation while rejecting others and consigning them to eternal damnationisoanet Presbyterianism organized a distinct church government independent of civil government in order to allow church officials to work for social reformthinkquestorg Presbyterianism itself is a system of religion and politics It is a system of church government by presbyteries of ministers and elders No higher rank than that of presbyter or elder was recognized and all elders were ecclesiastically of equal rank Each Presbyterian congregation was governed by its session of elders each session was subordinate to provincial presbyteries and these were in their turn subordinate to the General Assembly of the Churchbrownedu In Presbyterianism the oldest people in the congregation held the highest rank The idea of Presbyterianism spread with the discovery of new land and more people wanting to have freedom
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