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Learning disabilities generally refer to conditions that give rise to significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of knowledge in individuals of average or above-average intelligence Larsen 2013 As students they often underperform in relative to their peers stemming from an inability to learn via conventional methods of teaching Due to increasing awareness of learning diversity in affluent nations continuous measures have been undertaken not only to bridge educational inequity but also to protect and recognize rights of a stratum of society that is prone to social discrimination and negative stereotypingMalaysia is home to one of the most contorted and volatile education systems in South East Asia Controversial policies ranging from medium of instruction to availability of student loans are enacted and abolished frequently due to high political intervention These macro issues tend to monopolize public favour diverting much needed attention away from the porous management of policies that govern the minority As of today Malaysia still lacks a special education policy that caters to its approximately 600000 afflicted children2This paper attempts to contextually dissect this issue focusing on the provisions for individuals with mild to moderate1 learning disabilities which constitute the largest subcategory21 Dyslexia ADHD Dyscalculia High functioning Aspergers Syndrome High functioning Autism Nerbay et al 20082 94-96 NECIC 2012 The Malaysian ScenarioThis section attempts to briefly summarize Malaysias current position on special educationlearning disability LD policies vis--vis existing contentions Figure 1 Timeline of Learning Disability related developments in Malaysia4 Arguably the issue of special educationLDs in Malaysia still lacks commensurate awareness both social and institutional Malaysia ratified the Salamanca Statement on Special Education only 14 years after its initial codification and as of today no part of the Inclusive Education Memorandum drawn up by a coalition of disability related non-governmental organizations has been implemented The education ministry has noted that the many of their recommendations are too costly to fulfil even though statistics show that the country
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