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Motivation according to Kelley 2014 is the process through which managers build the desire to be productive and effective in their employees If an employee is motivated they are more likely to be productive and generally staff turnover is low The problem of worker motivation is that workers are not seen as humans they have a lack of freedom at the workplace and lack of job fulfilment Taylor and McGregor Theory X argue that there is not a problem with worker motivation workers will be obedient because of fear of losing their job motivates them to do well Whereas Maslow and McGregors Theory Y argues that there is a problem with worker motivation because of class conflict between the worker and the manager The worker is after more than just economic benefits they long for personal fulfilment and freedom A Marxist view is that the managers are exploiting the workers and that there is class conflict This essay will outline and identify if there is a problem with worker motivation and will introduce a brief description of motivation and capitalism If problems are identified with worker motivation possible solutions will be provided The essay will go into detail about Maslow and McGregors theories X and Y and refer to Taylorism Lastly a conclusion will be made on the more befitting and justifiable argumentMotivation According to Casey et al 2012 motivation stimulates people to do things with the use of incentives Intrinsically motivated behaviour is when a person performs well for his or her own sake Whereas extrinsically motivated behaviour is when motivation arises from necessities for security job and pay Casey et al 2012 According to Petroni A Colacino P 2008 there are three methods used to motivate workers which include formal structures incentives and informal management techniques An example of motivation is when production workers began tracking their performances in an attempt to break the record Haefner 2011 Their highest record was
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