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British Imperialism in Africa by Jose Hernandez In the nineteenth century Britain had a huge empire extending to many different regions of the globe Before 1869 Britain only controlled a small amount of land in Africa The British concentrated on imperialism in other more profitable places around the world places that would give them more markets for trade and more opportunity to increase their economy Suddenly the British were annexing land in places like Egypt and South Africa in 1869 these were places that did not have monetary value What in the world at that time changed to change the British attitude toward Africa What were the reasons for their continued imperialism in Africa after 1869 even though their experience in Africa consisted mostly of conflicts and embarrassments such as the Boer war and Isandalhwana Before the 1870s thanks to the influence of Livingstone the main reason for British imperialism in Africa was to bring Christianity and European-brand civilization to African countries They also practiced imperialism for trade purposes but very little in Africa The British economy has always depended heavily on trade and Britain did want the West Coast of Africa for its palm oil They took control of it simply because the native political structure was too unstable for good commerce without British control For trade purposes they concentrated on practicing imperialism in India and the Caribbean Since the slave trade in Europe was stamped out in the 1830s the British were not very interested in Africa People had been one of the few resources they were interested in However after the 1870s the motivations behind British imperialism in Africa changed drastically for several reasons Probably the greatest reason the British annexed land in Africa after 1869 was to protect their biggest money maker India In 1869 the French completed the Suez canal in Egypt This was a quick route to India but if another country had control of
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