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The first effort made by the English to establish a colony in America occurred in the late sixteenth century at Roanoke Island Starting in 1584 efforts were made to explore the east coast of North America as far south as Spanish claims It was in 1587 that a permanent colony was finally created However great this accomplish was for the colonists and England it proved to be one of the greatest American mysteries when the colony was discovered abandoned in 1590 Roanoke Island is an island just off the coast of present day North Carolina The Albemarle Sound Croatan Sound Roanoke Sound and the Pamlico Sound are four bodies of water that surround the island The Atlantic Ocean is less than ten miles away from Roanoke on its eastern coast but direct contact withthe ocean is impeded by a strip of land called Bodie Island which is part of the Outer Banks The western coast of the Island is also less than ten miles from the mainland of North Carolina The history of the settlement can be found in Englands increasing interest in laying claim to a portion of the New World during the late 1570s This interest was even more apparent when in the same decade Queen Elizabeth encouraged exploration and settlement of new lands by issuing charters for this task and it was during this time period when Roanoke Island was discovered by the English However it was not until March 251584 when the significant history of Roanoke was made with the re-issuing of the charter to Sir Walter Raleigh It was the responsibility of Raleigh to make the necessaryprovisions to complete the journeys to the New World and accomplish the goals of the charter This meant hiring ship captains and their crews recruiting possible colonists purchasing food and other supplies and finding those who would invest capital in the missions Raleigh however does not actively participate in the journeys to
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