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Word Count: 959
Initially the Taiwanese including aborigines accepted the Nationalist Government control of Taiwan after the Japanese surrender in 1945 without much resistance However Chinese Governor Chen Yis oppression and exploitation of the Taiwanese which exceeded that of the Japanese were more than the Taiwanese could bear and it culminated in the island-wide anti-Chinese uprising of February 28 1947 There were a few conferences of the Taiwanese revolutionaries in Hong Kong during the summer of 1947 Among major members were Thomas Liao who went to Shanghai before the February 28 uprising and Hsieh Hsuehhung who was a member of the Taiwan Communist Party and who escaped from Taiwan after the uprising However the Chinese Communist Party started to gain power in the Chances Civil War and it affected the solidarity of the Taiwanese revolutionaries Thomas Liao and his non-communist followers established the Formosan League for Reemancipation and the Formosan Peoples League and appealed a few times to the UN for temporarily putting Taiwan under UN trusteeship and for the future plebiscite for independence Hsieh and her communist followers were in line with the Chinese communist Party and established the Taiwan Democratic Autonomy League The league eventually moved to Peking but Hsieh and other key members were purged by the Chinese Communist Party and it merely retains its existence today Near the end of 1949 when the Peoples Republic of China was established in Peking Thomas Liao and his group moved to Tokyo and in cooperation with a group of Taiwanese compatriots under the leadership of Wu Chen-nan established the Taiwan Democratic Independence Party whose slogans were anti-Chiang anti-Communist complete independence of Taiwan and establishment of a peaceful elfare state in Taiwan Because of the arrest of Thomas Liao by the occupation army of General MacArthur due to Chiangs request the movement lost the leadership However as the occupation was ended in 1952 the independence movement regained the momentum and established the Taiwan Republic Provisional
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