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Word Count: 534
The nineteenth century marked immeasurable changes in the lives of Native Americans Through disease and increased hostility from migrating farmers over ninety percent of the American Indian population was decimated The American government saw little success in luring Native Americans to reservations peaceably Many tribes reacted with aggression towards the government for the numerous attempts at converting their sacred ways of living As a result of the growing animosity the Plains Wars begun in 1864 due to several tribes refusing to give up their land The congressional commission believed that the future of America lay in the white mans hands and that native Americans should relocate in order to learn the ways of white society While most whites believed the Indians to be savage and uncivilized not all agreed with militia leader John Chivington and his message to kill and scalp all big and little Francis Walkers quote Yield or parish can best summarize the white mans perspective towards Native Americans Walker the commissioner for American Indian affairs believed himself to be a friend of humanity Mr Walker epitomized the contradictions being made by the American government In one speech he promised apt supplies of food and gifts of necessity to lure the Native Americans onto reservations but once on the reservations strict self-reform regimes were imposed The American Indians were not allowed to leave the reservations without consent and doing so would result in imprisonment Because the provisions promised by the government were never supplied the Native Americans had no other option but to return to the original land they occupied However the return appeared in vain as General Sherman declared All who cling to their old hunting ground are hostile and will remain so until killed off Retreating was not an option for wherever they went the soldiers came to kill them One instance occurred in 1864 involving the Colorado Militia and Chief Black Kettle The militia was ordered to Sand Creek Colorado
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