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Nikki Giovanni -The Struggle of an Africa-American Woman Nikki Giovanni through her work has become one of the most celebrated and controversial poets in the nation In her three decade career she has published thirteen books of poetry Giovannis involvement to the Civil Rights Movement influenced her first three poem books Throughout her career she has obtained many awards and titles for her poetry as well as for her demeanor Giovanni was born under the name of Yolande Cornelia Giovanni Jr on June 7 1943 in Knoxville Tennessee Soon after she was born her family moved to Cincinnati Ohio were she lived all her childhood In 1957 she made the decision to move back to Knoxville with her grandparents There she attended Austin High School She graduated early and enrolled at Fisk University in Nashville as and early entrant In 1961 her grandfather Brown Watson died and caused her to be dismissed form Fisk and return to Cincinnati In 1964 Giovanni reenters Fisk were in three years she graduates That same year in Cincinnati she organized the first Black Arts Festival This festival was meant to create awareness of arts in the Black Community The festival was held in The New Theater Her first tree collections of poems were Black Feeling Black Talk 1967 Black Judgement 1968 and Re Creation 1970 In these three collections of poems she urged revolution In many of these poems she urges violence These poems reflect the struggle many African-Americans went trough in that day in age During this period of time the Civil Rights movement was divided some searched for their rights in peace and there were those who did not believe peace would gain them their rights The segregation and discrimination affected the work of many writers and poets during this time these two obstacles in life make up Giovannis poems at the beginning of her career Black Judgement was published with a grant
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