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The failure of many states to provide a functioning central government suggests that not all nations can or should have states However the breakdown of the state is not just a result of the aspirations of nations to statehood Rather the failure of states to provide adequate government for the nations tribes and sects within its boundaries is as much a failure of state philosophy as it is of sectarian strife Ironically the emphasis on stability over democracy has led directly to the inability of states to govern adequately Thus in order to prevent all nations from desiring statehood a liberal approach emphasizing democracy and power-sharing must be established A premiere example of the relationship between national aspirations and failed states is the situation of the Kurdish people in Iraq Once a province of the Ottoman Empire colonial powers France and Britain created Iraq in the early twentieth century The colonial powers stuck together in Iraq three large and different groups of people that make up Iraqs current populations of 24683313 people httpwwwciagovciapublicationsfactbookgeosizhtml Among the population 75-80 are Arabs a majority of which belong to the Shiite sect of Islam with a minority compromised of Sunni Muslims The country has been ruled traditionally by this Sunni minority Only 15-20 of Iraqs population are Kurds The Kurdish minority controls territory within northern Iraq historically part of a larger territory known as Kurdistan However after World War I their territory was divided among five different countries Iraq Iran the Soviet Union Syria and Turkey The division of Kurdistan in this way resulted in devastating long term consequences for the Kurds as they faced cultural and political discrimination in the states in which they found themselves In Iraq this discrimination has reached the level of ethnic cleansing and genocide Evidence of the severity of the atrocious attacks against the Kurds was found in the University of Colorados UC archives 18 tons of paperwork and photographs
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