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Debates about the protection of pharmaceutical innovations date back to the beginning of patent protection itself at the origin of industrial property rights Patterns and limits of patent protection of pharmaceuticals have long been subject to debates becauseThe process required to develop them for the market is long and costs are highThey are directly related to human healthOn one side of this debate are multinational innovator companies that engage continuously in research and development activities to develop new pharmaceuticals On the other side are the generic companies which are mostly national that wish to produce and market pharmaceuticals at lower costs Innovator companies that develop and introduce new pharmaceuticals to the market hold many patents in various countries and demand the protection of new developments of pharmaceuticals through patents and similar methods for as long as possible for three reasonsRegaining the costs spent in research and development activitiesCreating resources for new research and development activitiesProviding motivation to develop newer more effective pharmaceuticals with fewer side effects especially for providing people with longer and healthier living conditionsThe generic companies release the innovator companies pharmaceuticals after the expiry date of patent protection by using the same active ingredient in the same quantity and in a way to involve the same pharmaceutical pattern and bioequivalence The generic companies demand no protection or as short protection as possible for these reasonsMaking pharmaceuticals to be used for human health available for people at lower costsAvoiding the repetition of clinical work required for the development of pharmaceuticalsThese debates continue today in across the world Turkey one of the leader countries in the world to apply the industrial property protection in the first place by enacting brand trademark legislation in 1871 and patent letter patent legislation in 1879 was among the last countries to apply protection methods of pharmaceuticals by totally refusing them until January 1 1999Turkeys protection of pharmaceutical patents does not mean that the debates surrounding pharmaceuticals and patents have
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