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A Review of Asceticism and the Spirit of Capitalism, a Thesis by Max Weber
Brief Analysis of “Asceticism and the Spirit of Capitalism” by Weber Weber’s argument1 heavily borrows from Richard Baxter’s concept of asceticism. As defined in lecture, asceticism refers to “rigorous self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence.” Baxter believed everyone should work hard to acquire wealth but...
The Difference between the Philosophical Ideas of Greeks and Jews
For our first examination in Western Heritage we were asked to memorize several dichotomies between the standard pattern of Jewish thought and the Greek tradition popularized by thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle. This is an important list of distinctions to make as these traditions are arguably some of the greatest contr...
A Response of Frans de Waal's Controversial Argument on the Theory of Evolution
Frans de Waal: Response PaperThe philospher Frans de Waal, in his work, Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved, proposes that man is social and moral, and this society and morality have evolved over the ages- from apes and monkeys. He opposes Hobbes’ belief that man is an asocial animal and society was established...
An Overview of John Stuart Mill's Classical Utilitarian Theory
Mill’s classical utilitarian theory dismisses special obligations by stating that the most important consideration when making a moral judgment decision has to do with the consequences of the action. Special obligations, despite their nature, do not matter because the theory gives more importance to whatever decision will p...
An Analysis of the Concept of Fate Versus Free Will in Libertarianism and Determinism
The fate vs. free will question is a highly contested one. Many different theories have been presented to offer solutions to this question, particularly Libertarianism and Determinism. While both have attractive qualities, Determinism is the most logical. However, I do not agree entirely with Hard Determinism – I will inste...
An Overview of the Concept of Nihilism
Nihilism Nihilism, a philosophical doctrine, popularized by Ivan Turgenev, describes a belief that all values are baseless and nothing can be known or communicated because there is no deep order or purpose to the universe. Turgenev’s novel Fathers and Sons (1862) used nihilism to describe “crude scientism.” His character B...
An Analysis of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism, a Normative Ethics Theory
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the moral action is the one that maximises utility, therefore creating the majority of happiness for the majority of people. However, it is a theory that holds many strengths and many weaknesses. On one hand Utilitarinaism has many strengths. It is a democrati...
An Overview of the Illusion of Validity
Introduction In an age where content is flung at us by the twenty-four hour news cycle, social media, billboards, online advertisements, and any other source of information in this information age, it is crucial to understand the behavioral economic dynamics at play in any given economic situation. For instance, the illusi...
Objectivity and Seeking Truth According to Ayn Rand and Parker Palmer
The Crucible of Seeking Truth There are many theories when it comes to approaching how we should form the brain and gain knowledge from our surroundings. Some argue that it’s done best through the views of epistemology, whilst others argue it is done best in other ways. Take for instance Parker Palmer – he portrays an at...
Immanuel Kant's Views on The Process of Enlightenment
According to Immanuel Kant, the process of enlightenment is a choice. It is a conscious decision to break away from the masses and embrace the courage to be an individual. It is the path that strays away from the comfort of the majority and relies solely on an inherent knowledge that can only be fully accessed through the p...