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A Survey on the More Basic Entity of the Universe
During an independent philosophy assignment last year, I asked the same question: “What is the more basic entity of the universe? Time or change? And Why?” to 5 different people. In my survey, I included three of my own family members. Interestingly enough, their answers were all the same as my own. The three interviewed we...
A Discussion on Multiverse Hypothesis and Kierkegaard's Views on the Doppelganger
Ah, yes, the multiverse hypothesis. I've encountered Nietzsche's idea of the eternal recurrance (or similar thoughts, like the multiverse hypothesis) many times before. It's a good subject of contemplation, as the idea that an infinite number of yourself are experiencing horrific and wonderful fates is perturbing. It ma...
An Analysis of Descartes's Argument in His First Meditation
Descartes’s dream argument is one of the many arguments in his First Meditation aimed at casting doubt as a precursor to discovering the truth. The first stage of Descartes’s argument occurs when he likens himself to a madman who cannot distinguish his own visions from reality, though soon after he dismisses this argument o...
A History of Existentialism, the Individual Experience of Creating a Meaning in a Meaningless World Created by Jean-Paul Sartre
The literary and philosophical movement existentialism emerged in the intellectual vacuum left from World War II. Developed by Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialism is the individual experience of creating meaning in an objectively meaningless world. This idea is founded on Sartre’s postulate that existence precedes essence--lif...
Understanding Kantian Ideology in the Case of the Queen v. Dudley and Stephens
On July 5, 1884, four men (Brooks, Dudley, Stephens, and Parker) released their anchor near the Cape of Good Hope. Not long after doing so, a storm headed in their direction caused a wave to strike the ship. (The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens 4) The ship, suffering damage, began to sink, and the crew grabbed what they could...
The Definition of a Kitsch and Its Defining Characteristics
It is safe to say that virtually all denizens of developed countries have at one point or another in their lives been a tourist. During their tenure as a tourist, it is almost an irrefutable fact that they've encountered kitsch. All kitsch is a souvenir, but not all souvenirs are kitsch. Inherent to the concept of kitsch is...
A Comparison of the Existential Philosophies of Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus
Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus are two philosophers that talk about existential similarly but in different ways. First, let’s start with a little bit of background on each philosopher. According to Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (iep.utm.edu), Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) was acknowledged as one of the most original...
The Importance of Good Will in The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant
Problem and Statement Kant was probably the philosopher who helped the argument from morality for the existence of God get to its strongest and most influential state. In Immanuel Kant’s paper The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant attempts to show that the only thing good is a good will; and no matter how good...
An Analysis of the Book Walden by Mark Van Doren, a Critical Study of Henry David Thoreau and His Work
The solitude and isolation of the wilderness and natural world, have been the qualities that have captivated humans in thought of its essence and beauty. Being in the present moment surrounded by nothing except nature and the thoughts inside your head can be all you need to understand the philosophy of transcendentalism. He...
A Comparison of the Views of John Locke and Jean-Paul Sartre on the Topic of Determinism Versus Free Will
Many philosophers hover over the topic of determinism versus free will; do we live in a world where individuals have the ability to choose, think, and act voluntarily, where their actions can change the outcomes of events or do we live in a deterministic world, where all outcomes and events are set to occur and avoiding the...