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The Idea of Eternal Return in the Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche
Eternal Recurrence “This life, as you live it now and as you have lived it, you will have to live once more and countless times more. And there will be nothing new about it, but every pain and every pleasure, and every thought and sigh, and everything unspeakably small and great in your life must come back to you, and all...
1,347 words
4 pages
A Philosophical, Scientific, and Literary Perspective of the Real Meaning of Life
What is life? This question can be debated for a long period. Life can be observed in different perspectives. It can be viewed in a philosophical point of view and scientific angle. Moreover, life can be argued in a literature perspective as argued by Frank (116). Despite its diverse views, one important aspect concerning l...
1,195 words
4 pages
The Concept of the Simulation Theory by Nick Bostrom
Philosopher Nick Bostrom believes there is a 20 percent chance that we
are living in a simulation. Simulation theory hypothesizes that given
enough time, technology will advance to the point where computers can run
simulations that replicate a world and reality like ours. That world would
be indistinguishable from the world...
683 words
2 pages
The Idea of the Existence of God in First Meditation, a Book by Rene Descartes
Descartes' "First Mediation" “ Nevertheless, the belief that there is a God who is all powerful, and who created me, such as I am, has, for a long time, obtained steady possession of my mind. How, then, do I know that he has not arranged that there should be neither earth, nor sky, nor any extended thing, nor figure, nor...
905 words
4 pages
My Reflection on Metaphysics and Time
Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy responsible for the study of existence. It is the foundation of a worldview. It answers the question "What is?" and in this case “What is time?” It encompasses everything that exists, as well as the nature of existence itself. It says whether the world is real, or merely an illusion....
1,258 words
5 pages
An Analysis of the What Is Enlightennmen by Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant is a man of few but meaningful words in most of his
essays and books. In his response to a question about "What is
Enlightenment?" he continues about a theory of immaturity which reaches the
level of anything where the person does not maintain the ability to use
one's own understanding. This in theory, seems l...
449 words
2 pages
An Analysis of the Metaphysic of the Theory of Justice by the John Rawls
Rawls, in his response to Sandel's criticisms of A Theory of Justice,
contends that the Veil of Ignorance, when it originates with oneself, has
no bearing on the metaphysical ideology. However, it is moderately
comprehensible as to why Sandel might contemplate a metaphysical conception
considering that written words can fre...
526 words
2 pages
A Discussion on the View That Free Will is an Illusion
‘Free will is an illusion. What seems to be freely chosen behaviour is really the result of internal and external forces acting upon the individual.’ Discuss this view. Refer to at least one topic area in your answer. (12) Free will can be defined as the ability to make decisions and choose our actions freely, while dete...
1,006 words
2 pages
The Relevance of Philosophical Discussion in the Article Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility by Susan Wolf
Susan Wolf begins her article “Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility” by discussing the relevance of philosophical discussion regarding responsibility to real life “apparently nonphilosophical” applications of responsibility such as are encountered by lawyers, judges, and parents. She explains that philosophers writi...
461 words
2 pages
A Survey on the More Basic Entity of the Universe
During an independent philosophy assignment last year, I asked the same question: “What is the more basic entity of the universe? Time or change? And Why?” to 5 different people. In my survey, I included three of my own family members. Interestingly enough, their answers were all the same as my own. The three interviewed we...
1,618 words
6 pages
A Discussion on Multiverse Hypothesis and Kierkegaard's Views on the Doppelganger
Ah, yes, the multiverse hypothesis. I've encountered Nietzsche's idea of the eternal recurrance (or similar thoughts, like the multiverse hypothesis) many times before. It's a good subject of contemplation, as the idea that an infinite number of yourself are experiencing horrific and wonderful fates is perturbing. It ma...
400 words
2 pages
An Analysis of Descartes's Argument in His First Meditation
Descartes’s dream argument is one of the many arguments in his First Meditation aimed at casting doubt as a precursor to discovering the truth. The first stage of Descartes’s argument occurs when he likens himself to a madman who cannot distinguish his own visions from reality, though soon after he dismisses this argument o...
963 words
3 pages
A History of Existentialism, the Individual Experience of Creating a Meaning in a Meaningless World Created by Jean-Paul Sartre
The literary and philosophical movement existentialism emerged in the intellectual vacuum left from World War II. Developed by Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialism is the individual experience of creating meaning in an objectively meaningless world. This idea is founded on Sartre’s postulate that existence precedes essence--lif...
942 words
3 pages
Understanding Kantian Ideology in the Case of the Queen v. Dudley and Stephens
On July 5, 1884, four men (Brooks, Dudley, Stephens, and Parker) released their anchor near the Cape of Good Hope. Not long after doing so, a storm headed in their direction caused a wave to strike the ship. (The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens 4) The ship, suffering damage, began to sink, and the crew grabbed what they could...
1,298 words
4 pages
The Definition of a Kitsch and Its Defining Characteristics
It is safe to say that virtually all denizens of developed countries have at one point or another in their lives been a tourist. During their tenure as a tourist, it is almost an irrefutable fact that they've encountered kitsch. All kitsch is a souvenir, but not all souvenirs are kitsch. Inherent to the concept of kitsch is...
1,836 words
7 pages
A Comparison of the Existential Philosophies of Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus
Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus are two philosophers that talk about existential similarly but in different ways. First, let’s start with a little bit of background on each philosopher. According to Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (, Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) was acknowledged as one of the most original...
1,796 words
6 pages
The Importance of Good Will in The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant
Problem and Statement Kant was probably the philosopher who helped the argument from morality for the existence of God get to its strongest and most influential state. In Immanuel Kant’s paper The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant attempts to show that the only thing good is a good will; and no matter how good...
3,424 words
11 pages
An Analysis of the Book Walden by Mark Van Doren, a Critical Study of Henry David Thoreau and His Work
The solitude and isolation of the wilderness and natural world, have been the qualities that have captivated humans in thought of its essence and beauty. Being in the present moment surrounded by nothing except nature and the thoughts inside your head can be all you need to understand the philosophy of transcendentalism. He...
1,872 words
6 pages
A Comparison of the Views of John Locke and Jean-Paul Sartre on the Topic of Determinism Versus Free Will
Many philosophers hover over the topic of determinism versus free will; do we live in a world where individuals have the ability to choose, think, and act voluntarily, where their actions can change the outcomes of events or do we live in a deterministic world, where all outcomes and events are set to occur and avoiding the...
1,141 words
4 pages
An Analysis of the Third Meditation by Renee Descartes
Descartes’ Third Meditation Analysis Rene Descartes' third meditation begins with his breaking down his knowledge base to understand what he truly knows. First, he denies the validity of his senses and their perception, including images. Then, he concludes that he is a thinking thing – that is, for instance, something...
680 words
3 pages
A Discussion on Various Views on the Necessary Conditions for Moral Responsibility
There have been many arguments about the conditions necessary for moral responsibility. Deterministsargue that absolute control of the will is necessary for moral responsibility. Determinist claim that we don’t have absolute control our will because if we did, then every decision we make would be left up to random chanceand...
1,852 words
5 pages
The Uniqueness and Nonconformity of an Individual
“Whoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist” In order to be human you must be unique. Emerson’s quote clearly demonstrates the ideology. Every person is different and therefore in order to be a person you must be different. In one aspect or another there will be disagreement in ideas between two people. This differenc...
304 words
1 page
A Comparison of Apology by Plato and Confessions by St. Augustine
Compare Apology and Confessions Throughout Plato’s Apology and St. Augustine’s Confessions there are many themes. The main two themes that occur are both philosophers’ feelings and ideas towards God as well as the body and the soul. Plato’s view of God pertains specifically to wisdom, while St. Augustine’s thoughts towar...
1,848 words
8 pages
The Identity of a Person Over Time
The notion that a person is identical over time (the same person) is a powerful and useful one which has served society well for moral, social and political reasons; supposing that a person is a variable and not a constant over time seems more nonsensical and disconcerting than appealing to common sense which asserts that I...
668 words
2 pages
A Look at Nagel's Views on the Organism
According to Nagel an organism is said to have consciousness when, if I were that organism, there would be an underlying experience there to be experienced. If being that organism would be like something, there is evidently an experience present. Getting at the root of subjective experience and its relation to consciousness...
510 words
2 pages