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A Discussion on Marx's Critique of Commodity Fetishism and Its Influence on the Enslavement of Humans
Abstract "Man really attains the state of complete humanity when he produces, without being forced by physical need to sell himself as a commodity." (Guevara: 1965a.) One of the basic premises of Marxian works, that economic relations have been established by the capitalists to their own benefit, and at times to the disbe...
The Concept of Mill's Liberty and the Liberty of the French Peasants
Liberty’s Lacking: Liberty, Equality, and the French Peasant As one of the dominant political philosophies of nineteenth-century Europe, liberalism privileged the pursuits of individualism, the ability to think rationally, and the possession of liberty and equality before the law. The socioeconomic and political transforma...
The Understanding of the Meaning of Being Human in Definition of a Man, an Essay by Kenneth Burke
Burke’s “Definition of Man” The essay "Definition of a Man" by Kenneth Burke illustrates his understanding of the meaning of human and how they are unlike any other animal in the world. Burke's definition of a man is that they are "the symbol using (symbol-making, symbol-misusing) animal[,] inventor of the negative (or m...
A Reflection on Morality Is Relative, an Article by Ruth Benedict
In Ruth Benedict’s article, Morality is Relative, Benedict argues in favor of moral relativism in that the definition of morality is altered on the means of cultural and or societal perspectives. Benedict claims that morality is differently classified on what is considered normal and abnormal within each particular group. T...
A Discussion on the Personal Morals and Ethics of Individual Judges in the American Judiciary System
“Four things belong to a judge: to hear courteously, to answer wisely, to consider soberly and to decide impartially.” ~ Socrates Introduction The judiciary is one of the most important institutions in the United States of America, as it both determines the way those who break the law are dealt with (within the boun...
A Discussion on What Moral Saints Would Look Like in Virtue Ethics
In “Moral Saints”, Susan Wolf argues that being morally perfect is “not a compelling ideal”. Perhaps the strongest argument that Wolf gives for this claim is by condemning the undesirable and unattractive lifestyles that moral saints have. I believe that leading a perfectly virtuous life is a compelling ideal. This paper wi...
The Ethical and Moral Issues of Sadomasochism
I found an article called Real-Life Vampires: We ‘Feed’ During Sex on The Daily Beast while scrolling around and looking for anything interesting to read. Because I just finished reading ‘Salem’s Lot by Stephen King, vampirism fascinates me, much like any teenager. But I have to ask… Why? This article goes into the potentia...
Achieving Morality through Redefined Values
Charity as Duty: Achieving Morality Through Redefined Values The goal of moral reasoning is to determine the “right” way to act as a member of a community of rational/moral agents. Although definitions of “right” vary across different schools of thought, all ideologies have in common the desire to somehow improve both indi...
Is There Room for Mean in a Fated Life?
Is There Room for Mean in a Fated Life? Fate is a perplexing and intimidating concept for most humans to wrap their minds around. Throughout history an individual or character typically believed a version of the following concepts: that they have a fated destiny, that they are building their own fate through their a...
A Discussion on the Meditations of Rene Descartes in Relation to the Existence of Sensory Perception
Descartes Account of Perception In Rene Descartes, Meditation I, it is argued that the only thing that we are granted proof of is that we are nothing but a thinking thing. The existence of our body cannot be proven because at any moment we may be subject to the will of a great deceiver. That being said, his opinion and def...