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A Reflection on Morality Is Relative, an Article by Ruth Benedict
In Ruth Benedict’s article, Morality is Relative, Benedict argues in favor of moral relativism in that the definition of morality is altered on the means of cultural and or societal perspectives. Benedict claims that morality is differently classified on what is considered normal and abnormal within each particular group. T...
A Discussion on the Personal Morals and Ethics of Individual Judges in the American Judiciary System
“Four things belong to a judge: to hear courteously, to answer wisely, to consider soberly and to decide impartially.” ~ Socrates Introduction The judiciary is one of the most important institutions in the United States of America, as it both determines the way those who break the law are dealt with (within the boun...
A Discussion on What Moral Saints Would Look Like in Virtue Ethics
In “Moral Saints”, Susan Wolf argues that being morally perfect is “not a compelling ideal”. Perhaps the strongest argument that Wolf gives for this claim is by condemning the undesirable and unattractive lifestyles that moral saints have. I believe that leading a perfectly virtuous life is a compelling ideal. This paper wi...
The Ethical and Moral Issues of Sadomasochism
I found an article called Real-Life Vampires: We ‘Feed’ During Sex on The Daily Beast while scrolling around and looking for anything interesting to read. Because I just finished reading ‘Salem’s Lot by Stephen King, vampirism fascinates me, much like any teenager. But I have to ask… Why? This article goes into the potentia...
Achieving Morality through Redefined Values
Charity as Duty: Achieving Morality Through Redefined Values The goal of moral reasoning is to determine the “right” way to act as a member of a community of rational/moral agents. Although definitions of “right” vary across different schools of thought, all ideologies have in common the desire to somehow improve both indi...
Is There Room for Mean in a Fated Life?
Is There Room for Mean in a Fated Life? Fate is a perplexing and intimidating concept for most humans to wrap their minds around. Throughout history an individual or character typically believed a version of the following concepts: that they have a fated destiny, that they are building their own fate through their a...
A Discussion on the Meditations of Rene Descartes in Relation to the Existence of Sensory Perception
Descartes Account of Perception In Rene Descartes, Meditation I, it is argued that the only thing that we are granted proof of is that we are nothing but a thinking thing. The existence of our body cannot be proven because at any moment we may be subject to the will of a great deceiver. That being said, his opinion and def...
Can or Kant We Kill Ourselves? A Kantian Perspective on Assisted Suicide
Can or Kant we kill Ourselves? Closely considering the value of your own life will hopefully not be an obstacle that you will have to endure. However, if it came down to a debilitating disease or an inescapable amount of suffering and pain, do you think you could make the decision to end your own life? Don’t you think peop...
An Analysis of Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person by Harry Frankfurt
In “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,” Harry Frankfurt begins by lamenting the popular usage of the word “person” as inclusive of non-human animals. He then defines a person as en entity that is capable of both first-order and second-order desires. It is thus conceivable that a non-human entity may be a perso...
John Stuart Mill's Interpretation of Utilitarianism
Essay 3 John Stuart Mill predicates his interpretation of utilitarianism as a mechanism for determining the morality of an action on the Greatest Happiness Principle – “That actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness”. In Mills’ view, happines...