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The Actions Required to Be an Individual in the Books Four and Five of Friedrich Nietzche's The Gay Science
In Books four and five of Friedrich Nietzche’s The Gay Science, Nietzche discusses the actions needed to be taken to become an individual.He begins by explaining the need for one to break free from the social norms for true happiness, and for morals. To do so, he says one must live dangerously, because one must go against t...
A Reflection on Philosophical Theories of Empiricism, Cartesian Rationalism and Kantian Transcendental Idealism
Philosophy is founded on the principles of human reason and dependent on the fact that humans are able to rationalize and seek out the solution to a problem or else knowledge in the face of something unknown. From Socrates onward, philosophy based this reasoning on observable reality, even using concrete, physical examples...
An Evaluation of the Controversial Question of Can Money Buy Happiness
“Wealth is the ability to truly experience life,” said author and philosopher Henry David Thoreau. Wealth opens up many opportunities, but which are taken defines whether one will be happy or not. When the age-old question “Does money buy happiness” is asked, many things are to be considered before deciding an answer. This...
An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theories
Marx was born in 1818 in the town of Trier, Germany. His family was very liberal and his father attended illegal meetings that preached republicanism for Germany. This set a radical example for Marx and in many ways he would outdo his father. Marx went to study at the University of Bonn and Berlin where he discovered the ph...
A Discussion on the Defense of Ironism and the Rejection of Universal Traits Among the Humans in Rorty's Chapter on Private Irony and Liberal Hope
After reading Rorty’s chapter on “Private Irony and Liberal Hope”, I would like to focus my discussion on his defense of ironism and the rejection of universal traits among the human species. Rorty boldly challenges the idea that society requires some sort of “consensus about what is universally human” to function (Rorty, 8...
An Analysis of the Existentialism in the Small Line in the Novel of Friedrich Nietzsche
At one point, Nietzsche describes the action of "giving style" to and shaping one's own character. During this, he writes a sentence that strikes me as very novel for several reasons. This notable sentence is the following, said as through someone were critiquing their own personality and habits: "Here a large mass of sec...
A Critique of For the Love of Country, a Text by Martha C. Nussbaum and Others
The world that we live in is quite large and astounding, yet the amount of people that actually educate themselves in the facts and reality of it is generally small. They live in a bubble and are unfortunately are only reminded by the existence of other people and cultures when a disaster or tragedy strikes. In the text Fo...
An Analysis of Free Will and Self-Reliance in the Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Hannah Craft
Freedom of the Self and the Soul Throughout American history, authors, philosophers, activists, and political powers have debated the inherent right to freedom. Many hold varying opinions on how such freedom is accomplished. Ralph Waldo Emerson, in writing Self Reliance, discusses the importance of freedom in thought, as w...
Using Kantianism, Utilitarianism and Social Contract Theory to Analyse a Case of a Woman Saving Her Nephew's Life
Kantianism Kantianism is the ethical theory developed by a German Philosopher named Immanuel Kant. Kant developed this theory because he believed that mankind’s actions should be guided by moral laws. He also believed these laws should be universal, so there would be no discrepancies amongst different cultures or races....
An Essay in Agreement with the Philosophies of Vogel
The Weight of the World and the Crisis of the Individual It is not right for one to bear the weight of the world, because one lacks the capability of impacting the world entirely, and the various outcomes that play out in the world are not a product of any single person’s actions. This is not an argument that needs to be l...