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An Analysis of Kant's Explanation of the Difference Between Persons and Things
Kant explains the difference between persons and things based on whether their worth is relative to means, or relative to ends: “if they are beings without reason, only a relative worth as means, and are called things; rational beings, by contrast, are called persons, because their nature already marks them out as ends in t...
584 words
3 pages
An Analysis of Kant's Theory That the Only Good Thing in the World is Good Will Itself
Kant theorizes the only thing in the world that is intrinsically good is good will itself. He believes other things can be good, such as understanding, wit, and power of judgment, but “they can also become extremely evil and harmful, if the will that is to make use of these gifts of nature, and whose peculiar constitution i...
575 words
2 pages
A Study on the Philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche
As we began our study of western philosophy, I discovered that my thoughts and actions regarding truth closely aligned with the Ancients - Plato and Aristotle. I was on the same wavelength as the Ancients concerning truth as a fixed entity and an ideal to strive for. This previously undiscovered belief subconsciously influe...
1,047 words
4 pages
Reductionism vs. Emergentism: a Comparison of World Views
Reductionism vs. Emergentism Are human beings something more than simply deluded animals who think they are free, conscious beings? Are we essentially more than the rest of the natural world or even the computers we have built? Reductionism, a philosophy that holds that a complex system is merely the sum of its parts, seem...
1,334 words
5 pages
The Topic of Permissible Sexuality in the Philosophy of Sex Drawing from Immanuel Kant, Thomas Mappes and Howard Klepper
Of the many topics in the philosophy of sex is permissible sexuality. Philosophy however sometimes tends to overintellectualize the discussion. What makes sex permissible may not be so strict. Drawing from Immanuel Kant’s humanity formulation, I argue that permissible sex requires only informed and voluntary consent, but un...
1,783 words
6 pages
The Struggles of Nietzsche and Tolstoy on Finding the Concept of the Meaning of Life
Nietzsche and Tolstoy on Meaning In Nietzsche's collection entitled “Thus Spake Zarathustra”, we can find many speeches with a wide range of topics. The 21st speech of the collection is entitled “Voluntary Death.” As the title might alude, the overarching theme of this speech seems to be suicide, though I do find “voluntar...
1,064 words
4 pages
A Biography of the John Locke, an English Philosopher and Physician
What is There to Tolerate? In the thoughts of the contemporary advocates of Liberalism, one of
the most noticeable and extensive accomplishments of the Early Modern time
period is the expression, protection, and justification of civil
toleration. During the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,
a number...
1,656 words
7 pages
A Comarison of the Emerson and the Toreau
Self Reliance Response Emerson asserts that knowing one’s one truth applies to others is the definition of genius. Many doubt themselves so much that they reject excellent ideas and fail to take credit for their own ingenuity, instead kicking themselves when someone else comes out in the open with the same thought and is...
816 words
3 pages
A Comparison of Eighteenth Century Philosophy and Nietzsche's Nineteenth Century Story, The Madman
A Comparison of eighteenth century philosophy and Nietzsche’s nineteenth century story, The Madman In Friedrich Nietzsche’s, The Parable of the Madman, Nietzsche speaks of Gods death in society, and societies differing views on his death. These disagreeing views show similarity with two past conflicting eras of ideas and...
784 words
4 pages
The Impacts of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau in the Field of Philosophy and Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism- first created in the 1840’s became a widespread movement that lasted ten years. The idea of the human mind being the most powerful thing and the individual being the center of the universe are the basic mindsets for this belief. Ralph Emerson first realized these thoughts in the 1840’s. His protégée, Henr...
1,010 words
3 pages
The Meaning of Humanism in the Works of Niccolo Machiavelli, Francesco Guicciardini, and Poggio Bracciolini
Italian Humanists in Pursuit of Happiness Bikram Choudhury said, "Maintaining spirituality and humanism are the
keys to success. It's a balance." In Europe, the Renaissance was a period
of change in both the social and political aspects of life. The people
during the Renaissance were more creative in the way that they...
1,981 words
8 pages
The Difference between Matthew Arnold's Belief with Other Philosophers
Before delving into the beliefs and ideas of the theories discussed over the course of the semester, first I will clarify what exactly Matthew Arnold himself believed in order to effectively compare his ideas to others. Arnold viewed culture as “The best that has been thought and said in the world,” a unified world where c...
2,235 words
4 pages
Empiricism and Rationalism in the Enlightenment Period
Topic 1 The Enlightenment period was marked by a revival of interest in determining the nature of reality and knowledge. In the pursuit of this understanding, philosophers expounded ideas that aligned with either of two theories – empiricism or rationalism. John Locke was one of the more prominent philosophers of the tim...
777 words
2 pages
The Actions Required to Be an Individual in the Books Four and Five of Friedrich Nietzche's The Gay Science
In Books four and five of Friedrich Nietzche’s The Gay Science, Nietzche discusses the actions needed to be taken to become an individual.He begins by explaining the need for one to break free from the social norms for true happiness, and for morals. To do so, he says one must live dangerously, because one must go against t...
1,775 words
6 pages
A Reflection on Philosophical Theories of Empiricism, Cartesian Rationalism and Kantian Transcendental Idealism
Philosophy is founded on the principles of human reason and dependent on the fact that humans are able to rationalize and seek out the solution to a problem or else knowledge in the face of something unknown. From Socrates onward, philosophy based this reasoning on observable reality, even using concrete, physical examples...
2,284 words
7 pages
An Evaluation of the Controversial Question of Can Money Buy Happiness
“Wealth is the ability to truly experience life,” said author and philosopher Henry David Thoreau. Wealth opens up many opportunities, but which are taken defines whether one will be happy or not. When the age-old question “Does money buy happiness” is asked, many things are to be considered before deciding an answer. This...
1,460 words
5 pages
An Analysis of Karl Marx's Theories
Marx was born in 1818 in the town of Trier, Germany. His family was very liberal and his father attended illegal meetings that preached republicanism for Germany. This set a radical example for Marx and in many ways he would outdo his father. Marx went to study at the University of Bonn and Berlin where he discovered the ph...
759 words
3 pages
A Discussion on the Defense of Ironism and the Rejection of Universal Traits Among the Humans in Rorty's Chapter on Private Irony and Liberal Hope
After reading Rorty’s chapter on “Private Irony and Liberal Hope”, I would like to focus my discussion on his defense of ironism and the rejection of universal traits among the human species. Rorty boldly challenges the idea that society requires some sort of “consensus about what is universally human” to function (Rorty, 8...
668 words
3 pages
An Analysis of the Existentialism in the Small Line in the Novel of Friedrich Nietzsche
At one point, Nietzsche describes the action of "giving style" to and shaping one's own character. During this, he writes a sentence that strikes me as very novel for several reasons. This notable sentence is the following, said as through someone were critiquing their own personality and habits: "Here a large mass of sec...
445 words
2 pages
A Critique of For the Love of Country, a Text by Martha C. Nussbaum and Others
The world that we live in is quite large and astounding, yet the amount of people that actually educate themselves in the facts and reality of it is generally small. They live in a bubble and are unfortunately are only reminded by the existence of other people and cultures when a disaster or tragedy strikes. In the text Fo...
830 words
3 pages
An Analysis of Free Will and Self-Reliance in the Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau and Hannah Craft
Freedom of the Self and the Soul Throughout American history, authors, philosophers, activists, and political powers have debated the inherent right to freedom. Many hold varying opinions on how such freedom is accomplished. Ralph Waldo Emerson, in writing Self Reliance, discusses the importance of freedom in thought, as w...
1,108 words
4 pages
Using Kantianism, Utilitarianism and Social Contract Theory to Analyse a Case of a Woman Saving Her Nephew's Life
Kantianism Kantianism is the ethical theory developed by a German Philosopher named Immanuel Kant. Kant developed this theory because he believed that mankind’s actions should be guided by moral laws. He also believed these laws should be universal, so there would be no discrepancies amongst different cultures or races....
1,422 words
5 pages
An Essay in Agreement with the Philosophies of Vogel
The Weight of the World and the Crisis of the Individual It is not right for one to bear the weight of the world, because one lacks the capability of impacting the world entirely, and the various outcomes that play out in the world are not a product of any single person’s actions. This is not an argument that needs to be l...
1,647 words
5 pages
An Argument of Daniel Barbezat on Self-Reflection and Interiority
The topic known as mindfulness is often regarded as a means for self-evaluation but not a method for social change. However, Daniel Barbezat argues that, much like the Socratic idea of self-reflection, his belief in what he calls “interiority” can be a mode for societal correction. In his view, mindfulness can be used not o...
691 words
2 pages
A Personal Definition of Freedom and the Purpose of Humans
Restraint for Freedom and from Purpose People mistake the word freedom for meaning the ability to do whatever they want. But if that were the case, then one person’s freedom has the capability of disrupting another person’s freedom. The truest form of freedom is the ability to be moral without the fear of being stopped or...
1,892 words
7 pages