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Through the use of Socratic dialogue Plato has an advantage at obtaining answers by refuting other philosophers Plato is able to achieve an answer to the question what is justice He derives this answer through an analogy of the ideal city The ideal city parallels the concept of the ideal person as Plato uncovers with the aid of dialectic Plato defines justice as a function of harmony which must first be achieved in an individual before being extended to the city Speaking through Socrates Plato defines justice as a philosophical understanding of excellence in the organization of society and human soul In book IV Socrates refutes the notion that justice is visible while using the Socratic method of dialogue He questions that justice is the virtue that has no physical representative Through the state Socrates inferred that justice can be understood as opposed to being seen In order to grasp the concept of the ideal city or the happy state one must first analyze its components Plato does this with dialectic Then he questions that each individual is a member of one of three groups Rulers Guardians and the Producer class Each one of the specifications of labor within the kallipolis accompany a chief characteristic The rulers were considered to have wisdom as their virtue People chosen to be a ruler exhibited a special knowledge for leading the state In the kallipolis rulers make their judgment for the happiness of the state as opposed to their own individual happiness Is there some knowledge possessed by some of the citizens in the citythat does not judge about any particular matter but the city as a whole and the maintenance of good relations both internally and with other citiespg104428d The next virtue Plato discovers through the Socratic method was courage This power to preserve through everything correct and law-inculcated belief about what is to be feared and what isnt is what I call courage105430b This
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