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The policy process in Australian and indeed most modern governed societies are determined by the dominance of interestspressure groups The term interestpressure group is used to describe groups that try to influence Government policy andor legislation to meet their own needs As Dahl suggests by power we mean to describe a realistic relationship such as As capacity for acting in such a manner as to control Bs responses Dahl 1956 p13 Therefore the action of a group is seen to be more forceful than that of the individual in changing policy and as such over time and experience people have come together to form these interest groups to obtain a common goal In modern industrial societies one individual is not likely to carry much weight in the political process people have found out by experience that they need to join together with others Jaensch 1994 pg 169 Interestpressure groups share the fundamental goal of swaying policy makers to integrate the groups beliefs into public policy The variety and range of groups are extensive however most of these groups can be classed into distinct categories Firstly there are economic and professional associations formal also known as sectional groups in this category can be defined as the elite pressure groups The membership in these groups is primarily made up of people in the industryprofessional community They come together to try to influence the Government in order to promote their common interest In most cases these groups want to provide direct economic benefits to their members Since they are seeking monetary benefits membership is often restricted to a chosen group of individuals which often dictated by economic gains entrepreneurship Examples of these are manufacturers bankers and extensive corporate companies whom are seen as the elite top of the social groups The second group can be classed into what is known as an altruistic group public interest groupsinterest groups such a bird watching group
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