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Word Count: 575
The Third Republic of France lasted from 1871 to 1905 During this time there was much political turmoil Starting with the Paris Commune in 1871 and ending with the Dreyfus affair in 1899 these political turmoils affected the political and economic aspects of French society When national elections in 1871 sent a majority of conservatives to the National Assembly many radicals responded with the Paris Commune in March of 1871 The radical leaders of the Commune wanted to govern France without conservative interference The National Assembly did not want to hear from the radicals and so therefore ordered the French army into Paris to severely crush the Commune Twenty thousand people died during this purge Socially this act rigidly divided liberals from conservatives radicals from reactionaries because now military force was being used to defend one politicals parties beliefs and to abolish the other By 1875 monarchists in the National Assembly could not decide on who should be king From 1877 to 1879 Leon Gambetta established absolute parliamentary supremacy By 1879 the majority of members of both the upper and lower houses of the National Assembly were republican Although these republicans were split among parliamentary groups and several parties the Third Republic now had a firm foundation The moderate republicans sought to preserve what they achieved by winning the favor of the next generation Trade unions were fully legalized and France gained a colonial empire France was able to economically prosper from this because trade was made easier and France was gaining raw materials from colonies France also shared in the expansion of public education supported by local taxation Most education in this time was under control of the Church which for a long time was hostile towards republics and secular life In the public schools ideas of patriotic republicanism was spread so that the republicans could win the loyalty of the young citizens to the republic so
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