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Proteus vulgaris is a rod-shaped gram-negative bacterium that inhabits the intestinal tracts of animals and humans This is an opportunistic pathogen which can cause urinary tract infections pneumonia or septicemia Outside of the intestinal tracts of humans and animals Proteus vulgaris can also be found in soil contaminated water or decomposing organic substances Although Proteus vulgaris can be pathogenic it is also part of the intestinal normal flora Most common problems related to P vulgaris are due to patients with a suppressed immune system and is most commonly found in people with immunodeficiency disease and is also common in patients who need a catheterThomas 2009Diseases caused by P vulgaris are commonly found in hospitals Gram negative bacteria often colonize both skin and oral mucosa of both patients and hospital employees With that being said P vulgaris is the lead pathogen that causes hospital born Proteus diseases Infections can be caused by certain species of Proteus but P vulgaris does not contribute to any form of Proteus infections Pulgurtha 2010P vulgaris as stated before is commonly found in the urinary tract This is because the urinary tract is a hospital environment for this species of Proteus This is caused by the microbes ability to degrade urea to ammonia with the enzyme urease Also the prime temperature for growth is 37 degrees Celsius which converts to 986 degrees Fahrenheit which is normal body temperature in humans Mambajao 2010The microbe P vulgaris has flagella which allow it to be extremely motile The motile microbe causes what can be seen as a wave like look on a petri dish due to growing and stopping on plated colonies The P vulgaris species is unfortunately not susceptible to ampicillins or cephalosporins like other Proteus species are On the other hand P vulgaris is susceptible to Ampicillin streptomycin and chloramphenicol Fluids are also recommended as a defense from this bacterium Toelkes 2012 These fluids are taken orally along with antibiotics to flush
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