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Sub-Categories of Psychology and Psychiatry

The Use of Conditioning to Create or Eliminate Phobias
Conditioning, or "a basic kind of learning that involves associations
between environmental stimuli and the organism's responses" (Wade & Tavris,
2012), can be used to modify behavior. Studies and experiments have shown
that conditioning can be used to create or eliminate phobias. One way to condition a child who is u...
335 words
2 pages
The Definition, Use, and Effects of Musical Therapy
According to the American Music Therapy Association (n.d. a), or
AMTA, music therapy is the clinical use of music to help achieve goals
within a therapeutic relationship. This form of therapy is most commonly
used to address the physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of the
patients. Music therapy involves m...
682 words
3 pages
The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Regarding the Treatment of Mental Disorders
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy There are a variety of psychological perspectives regarding mental
disorders, and each perspective has its strengths. One such psychological
perspective is behavioral-cognitive therapy. Behavioral-cognitive therapy,
which combines both behavior- and thought-oriented treatment, can be
312 words
3 pages
Human Development as Explained Through Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychological Development
Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development help psychologists
understand human development. This theory separates life into eight stages
that must be overcome in order for a human to develop fully (Wade & Tavris,
2012). The trust vs. mistrust stage starts at birth and continues until age
one. In this stage, inf...
310 words
2 pages
Does the Environment Have a Positive, Negative, or Any Effect at All on the Development of a Child?
I believe that child development is affected greatly by the environment that the child is placed in. If a child is placed in an environment that may be harmful to their development, it can be very difficult for that child to overcome those obstacles. However, the environment a child is placed in can also be positive. So how...
583 words
2 pages
A Research on How Children Learn About Race and Racism Through Literature
Introduction Race and Racism are topics that have swept our political and social conversations in the last decade. Many Americans felt that we lived in a post racial society until the killings of numerous people of color by the police started to rise. Children growing up in this world are the best chance America has to tru...
1,645 words
6 pages
The Relationship Between Love and Culture
Love is a universal concept that everyone understands, however the way that love is expressed is different in every culture. Love and culture is an emerging topic in the field of psychology, so not a lot has been done on the topic. The research that has been done is a good start to a potential hot button topic in the future...
1,684 words
6 pages
A Literature Review on the Relationship Between Race and Attention
Introduction Race is a very taboo and relevant topic of conversation in today’s society. Whether black, white, Asian, Middle Eastern, etc. race is a construct that effects everyone’s cognition and attention bias. A phenomenon that psychologist that have tied race and attention together is own- race bias (Kelly et al, 2005)...
2,306 words
8 pages
The Psychological Condition of Obsessive Comparison Disorder: The Epidemic of Comparison
Obsessive Comparison Disorder Unless you've been living under a rock, I'm pretty sure all of you might have come across "perfect", "too good to be true" images that people post on various form of media; especially, those flawless selfies celebrities and movie stars post on the Internet with their mansions in the background...
1,015 words
2 pages
The Use of Isolation and Its Impact on the Prisoner
Solitary Confinement – Controlling or Damaging? Solitary confinement has been a topic of debate since the 1820s – is it necessary to control the prison population, or is it too severe, even for a criminal? The conditions are inhumane; spending twenty-three hours per day alone in a cell with minimal sensory input. The origi...
1,188 words
5 pages
The Inability of Altruism to Co-exist with Psychological Egoism
After reading the Tale of Gyges, it is easy to see an extreme version of psychological egoism. Meaning that the one thing that motivates humans to do something, is their own self-interest. However, there is also an argument that altruism exists. Altruism means that one can have the desire to benefit others without an ulteri...
495 words
3 pages
An Overview of the Symptoms, Risks, Development, and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in Adult Patients
Symptoms, Risk Factors, Development and Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder in Adults Depression is defined as a low, sad state that lasts over two weeks. Major depressive disorder is an intense form of depression that is characterized by the combination of specific symptoms related to low mood that can have debilitatin...
2,095 words
8 pages
The Debate About Nature vs. Nurture - One of the Most Fascinating Debates in Psychology
Within psychology, there is a wide spread debate about nature versus
nurture. It is a very interesting and difficult topic for psychologists to
explain. It still cannot really be determined whether nature is more
dominant within a human, or nurture. Nature refers to a person's innate
qualities; nurture is usually referred t...
1,230 words
4 pages
A Psychological Analysis of Bradley Mavin's Life
Bradley Mavin is a twelve-year-old whom is in seventh grader facing social anxiety issues. He has recently been skipping copious amounts of school and his absences are negatively affecting his grade. Bradley would often rather stay home playing video games and doing homework than go to school or play with neighborhood frien...
2,976 words
9 pages
A Psychological Case Study of a Family Conflict
Child-Centered Counseling When speaking to the both Jeremy and Joshua, it will be extremely important to focus on the present and keep them centered on current events. They seem to have had a rocky past with not only each other, but also their parents. Staying in the present will help them to not argue over all of the issu...
2,024 words
7 pages
How Does Violent Media Have Positive Effects on Children?
Argument Analysis: A Closer Look at Violent Media The article “Violent Media is Good for Kids” by Gerad Jones argues that violent media can have positive effects on children. Violent media, much like the title already states, can be good for children. Jones gears his paper to an audience of parents, educators, or other a...
1,049 words
4 pages
A Research on the Big 5 Personality Traits
The Big 5 personality traits are what most psychologists and scholars today refer to compared to the older system of the Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator method. Essentially, The Big 5 personality traits are extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. Extraversion is characterized by high amounts...
1,083 words
3 pages
The Emotional Content of the Media and Its Negative Effects on Human Psychology
= Media & Human Behavior The emotional content of the media negatively effects one’s psychological health and one’s mood, thinking, behavior and actions. Over the last several years the media has transformed nearly every aspect of human life including increased violence rates, lower self-esteem, increased risks of eating...
1,594 words
6 pages
The Positive Psychology Movement by Martin Seligman and the Three Types of Happiness
Positive psychology is defined in many different ways. The Positive Psychology Institute describes it as the study of the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. The positive psychology movement was started by Martin Seligman, also known as the father of positive psychology. Psychology has m...
492 words
2 pages
A Study on Positive Peer Pressure
“Smart teens rub off on teammates” Many teachers, especially at the high school level, do not only act as teachers. Teachers are often those who take on the roles of coaches and club advisors in an integral aspect of high schools: extracurriculars. In many schools, extracurriculars can be used as leverage for students who...
341 words
1 page
The Influence of Sigmund Freud on the Life and Theories of Erik Ericson
Erik Ericson was a psychologist who was heavily influenced by another doctor named Sigmund Freud. While Freud spoke from a psychosexual perspective, Erikson was a little different and spoke about the psychosocial stages. He speaks the super ego and id of a human, certain crisis and rewards that a person will go through in t...
281 words
1 page
The Relation Between Social Anxiety Disorder and Shyness
The Fine Line Between Social Anxiety Disorder & Shyness Have you ever been nervous about meeting new people or giving a presentation in front of others? Most likely. But have you ever been so stressed about it that you avoid meeting people or never show up to give the presentation? If so, you may have social anxiety diso...
2,039 words
1 page
Understanding the Psychology of Superstition
Superstition involves the belief in some supernatural process, such as opening an umbrella in the house causing bad luck or quotes like “knock on wood”, which refers to not jinxing yourself or others and even “stitions”, which are non-supernatural beliefs that involve health practices like wearing copper bracelets for arthr...
855 words
3 pages
The Role of the Social Cognitive Perspective and Social Identity Theory in Forming Stereotypes
Stereotypes are extremely prevalent in society today, especially because people are always socially identified by the social groups that they are in. A stereotype is a social perception of an individual in terms of group membership or physical attributes. As a result, there are positive or negative generalizations that is a...
1,931 words
6 pages
The Influence of Implicit Stereotypes on One's Behavior
Stereotypes are all around us, they are known as social perceptions of an individual(s) based on group membership or physical attributes. Also, positive or negative generalizations of a group can be made which are usually attributed to the members of the group. The two types of stereotypes are implicit stereotypes and expli...
1,621 words
5 pages