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The Protestant Reformation marked a time of great religious social and political upheaval For the first time in history the Christian church was permanently shattered The Reformation originated from a trend in returning to the biblical days of Christianity and a renewal of morality Unfortunately the Catholic religious leaders didnt share in the renewal of morality The Renaissance popes were partially responsible for the decline of the churchhowever it was the Churchs past history and changing social political and economic factors that lead to the Reformations sucess Commercialization of the Holy See was common for most popes but according to Barbra Tuchman three of these men took particular advantage of the practice Innocent VII is the earliest acknowledged pope during the Renaissance to have taken liberties with the churchs finances Although he engaged in the practices of simony and the selling of indulgences his most noted mistake was raising donations for a Crusade that never took place In 1486 Innocent announced a crusade as well as at the same time declaring a tithe on all churches benefices and ecclesiastical persons of all ranks Military plans were drawn up but in the end no great army ever assembled or departed from Europes shores Instead in a twist of irony the Vatican wound up hosting an infidel in the form of Prince Djem the sultans brother This arrangement confused the general public and the papal status fell in the eyes of the public Papal status was further weakened by Innocents successor Alexander VI Alexander thrived on simony He acquired the office of pope by buying out his chief rivals and openly boasted about this feat Alexander went on to sell a total of 43 cardinalships including to his own family After the murder of his eldest son Alexander was inspired in a proposed Bull to try to reform the church by reducing the incomes of the cardinals as well as mend other wicked ways
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