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Causation is the relation between cause and effect or the act of bringing about an effect which may be an event a state or an object The concept of causation has long been recognized as one of the fundamental philosophical importance Hume called it the cement of the universe causation is the relation that connects events and objects of this world in significant relationships Further causation is intimately related to explanation to ask for an explanation of an event is to ask for its cause But according to Richard Taylor causation is not that simple and discoverable relationship between states processes and events What we want then is a conceptual analysis of this basic concept causation we so securely possessFor Taylor there are two things about our manner of expressing such causal relationships in common speechAn object or substance seems often to be referred to as a causeEach of objects seems to be alleged to have done something in the same sense in which men for example are often described as doing various thingsSo what is the real cause in this example a cigarette started this fire Obviously there are some agents to impel it There should be some people who smoked there somebody then throw his half-smoked cigarette toward a haystack before driving away A few minutes later a wind could blow hard to make a fire By using the theory of agency Lawrence Davis proposed a notion of direct causation which is that every action involves direct causation of an event by an agent Taylor however goes further by conceiving that some causal chains have beginnings and those chains start with agents themselves Some other authors think that Taylor only concentrates on the agent is the only cause of an event It is not clear whether Taylor believes there are events which are the direct causings by the agent of directly caused events For him if something not identical with him
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