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An Experiment on How Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Cell Walls Share Similar Optimum Growth Temperatures
ABSTRACT: Bacterial cell walls provide a buffer and a means of protection from environmental stressors, such as temperature and pressure. There exists two unique cell wall structures in bacteria, namely Gram-positive and Gram-negative cell walls. A Gram-positive species’ cell wall contains a thick peptidoglycan structure w...
3,673 words
20 pages
Steinbock's and Singer's Views on the Ways to Maximize Pleasure and Minimize Pain for Animals
Meat and chicken have always been around to eat. Young children never question whether it is okay to eat, but where it came from. Growing older those children learn the cruel and unnecessary pain those animals are put through, but most still continue to eat meat. Singer explains the need to maximize pleasure and minimize pa...
1,087 words
3 pages
An Analysis of Anaximander's Conclusion on the Origin of Beings and Things
Thesis: Anaximander’s conclusion that one thing did not have an origin is untrue, and all things had an origin, even the first beings. Anaximander argues that in order for infants and young children to survive, they must be cared for by an older figure. Therefore, the first human beings must have been cared for by animal...
1,047 words
4 pages
An Experiment to Transform DNA Found in the Bacteria E. Coli
Abstract: The main objective of this experiment was to transform DNA found in bacteria. A plasmid was used on E. coli and with the use of heat shock, was inherited by the bacteria which caused the E. coli to become resistant to ampicillin. Also in the plasmid was GFP which verified the hypothesis by glowing green under UV...
1,081 words
8 pages
The Fascinating Development of the Human Body and Its Changes within Ten Years in the Movie Inside the Human Body
The human body is very fascinating on how it develops and how it controls itself. In the movie “Inside The Human Body” it demonstrates how the body develops and how it changes every ten years. Everyone’s body is unique. It goes from an embryo to an old age person who is wise. The movie shows a lot of great info about how t...
716 words
2 pages
A Lab Experiment on the Examination of the Homeotic Genes and Their Regulation of Embryonic Development in the Fruit Fly
Introduction In this lab we used the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to examine homeotic genes and their regulation of embryonic development. Homeotic genes are responsible for the regulation of segmental identity. Ed Lewis laid the groundwork for understanding homeotic genes, earning the 1995 Nobel Prize along with...
1,255 words
8 pages
A Lab Experiment to Examine the Maternal Effect Genes and the Regulation of Embryonic Development in the Fruit Fly
1530 Developmental Biology Lab Lab 9: Genetic Regulation of Embryonic Development in Drosophila II. Maternal Effect Genes Introduction In this lab we used the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to examine maternal effect genes and their regulation of embryonic development. Mutations in maternal effect genes only caus...
1,317 words
8 pages
A Lab Experiment on the Effects of Mutant CX4148 Gene C. Elegans on the Behavior of Various Bacterial Strains
Caenorhabditis elegans Bacterial Interactions Research Paper Mutant CX4148 gene in C. elegans may affect behavior toward various bacterial strains Abstract C. elegans, a species of soil roundworms, have been the choice model organism among scientists for experiments regarding the immune responses of organism...
2,852 words
10 pages
The Different Invasive Plant Species and Their Impact on the Ecosystem
Invasive Species of woody shrubs and trees in Maryland are a concern because any invasive plant species can threaten the lives of native plants and animals hence harming ecosystems. The dangerous thing about invasive species is that they have mechanisms to colonize and to out-compete and exclude native vegetation. By the st...
2,443 words
7 pages
The Impact of Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution Today
Darwin’s theory of Evolution was studied most notably during his travels on the HMS Beagle to Chile and the Galapagos Islands. Darwin’s studies have made vast differences in the realms of science, religion and philosophy. From his studies with the help of John Gould, an Ontologist at the Zoological Society of London, Darwin...
832 words
3 pages
Credible Evidence on the Similarities Between Human Communication and Animal Communication in Chatty as a Magpie, an Excerpt by Hannah Holmes
Credible Evidence The excerpt "Chatty As A Magpie", by Hannah Holmes, discusses the
similarities between human communication and the communication of our
animal brethren. Holmes very strongly believes that animals are much more
intelligent than we give them credit for and that their communication bares
a remarkable re...
887 words
3 pages
A Study on NF-kB and Its Relationship with Inflamation, and the Alternative Pathway
NF-kB is a known pro-inflammatory pathway because of synthesis of cytokines like IL-1 and TNFα. Inflammatory pathway is a tightly regulated pathway of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The structurally non-similar TLRs and NF-kB share the same signaling cascade (IKK complex). This complex include 2 kinases i...
516 words
2 pages
The Overwhelming Benefits and Controversial Issues of Genetically Modified Organisms
An Agricultural Makeover: Genetically Modified Organisms In recent years farms and ranchers have faced increasing odds against their crops – bugs building an increasing resistance to pesticides, too little rainfall, skyrocketing gas prices, and an increasing demand from the public for pure and wholesome products straight f...
3,687 words
13 pages
A Study on the Body of a Trilobite and Its Sections
The body of a Trilobite is divided into three sections from top to
bottom and from one side to the other. The head section of the Trilobite is
called the Cephalon, moving down towards the tail there is also the Thorax
and the Pygidium. In the Cephalon is the Glabella, this housed the stomach,
and its shape may be able to in...
1,021 words
3 pages
The Crucial Role of Ants in the Well-being of the Earth's Ecosystem
The Role of Ants in the Ecosystem It is said that the world would crumble if all ants ceased to exist. It
isn't entirely clear if that is true, but there is very little doubt that
ants contribute greatly to planet Earth. Ants provide a direct food source
for many animals, who in turn are preyed on and contribute food...
477 words
2 pages
An Experiment Determining the Role of Pheromones in Psammotermes Hybostoma
Psammotermes Hybostoma Throughout the years there have been many research experiments conducted on the members of the Rhinotermitid subfamily. Many experiments involved the termites’ sex pheromones and trail pheromones. There is one species of this subfamily that is one of the last remaining that has not been researched...
500 words
2 pages
Can the Strain of Pseudomonas Syringae C-9 Be Used as Desirable Ice Formation Nuclei?
Ice Nucleation There are many particles used today for cloud seeding that are either chemicals or artificially made. Scientists studying Ice nucleation and cloud seeding are trying to find particles that serve as ice formation nuclei that are desirable for the environment and the economy (Maki et al., 1974). There is resea...
344 words
3 pages
The Controversial Nature and the Potential Benefits of Stem Cell Research
“Stem cell research is the key to developing cures for degenerative conditions like Parkinson’s and motor neuron disease from which I and many others suffer. The fact that the cells may come from embryos is not an objection, because the embryos are going to die anyway.” ~ Stephen Hawking Introduction Stem cell resea...
2,018 words
7 pages
An Analysis of the Experiment for Killing Mycobacterium Dirtices
       Abstract The goal of this experiment was to calculate the adsorption rate of the newly discovered mycobacteriophage Treedirt. Adsorption rate, and from there latent period and burst size, were all calculated by using the data collected from serial dilutions and weekly plaque assays carried out over the course of thr...
1,653 words
7 pages
Pikachurin, the Most Ironic of Proteins
Pikachurin: The Most Ironic of Proteins Being a scientist, chemist, biologist or anything falling into the fields of science in general is perhaps considered by the general public to be one of the most serious professions in the world. The constant monitoring of calculations, test results, experiment design and thousands...
682 words
3 pages
A Research on the Ethical Treatment of Stem Cells
“How did a single cell – the zygote, or fertilized egg – manage the colossal feat of expanding into a highly complex individual?” (Parson 29). This question, one that has been rooted in centuries of studies and research, is at the base of a heated debate now rising exponentially in the concerns of scientists and theologians...
3,269 words
11 pages
An Experiment to Help Identify the Different Leaf Pigments
Introduction: Photosynthesis, by definition, is “the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria transform light energy to chemical energy stored in the bonds of sugars. This process requires an input of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) and produces oxygen gas (O2) as a waste product” (1). Although photosynthes...
1,713 words
6 pages
The Possibility of Treating All Diseases through Stem Cells
Stem Cells are cells located in organ tissue all in your body. They can be used to heal what was thought of to be incurable. With the research that has been going on with stem cells scientists have figured out that adult stem cells can cure over 70 “incurable” diseases and disabilities including diabetes, spinal cord injuri...
1,391 words
5 pages
An Analysis of Photosynthesis in Plants
Introduction Plants are autotrophic, meaning they can harvest their own energy by converting light energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis, which involves the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle, but they can also perform cellular respiration when light is not available (Reece et al., 2014). Since carbon dioxid...
3,272 words
13 pages
The Importance of Proteins in the Human Body
Protein Essay Most people think of food like meat or chicken when they hear the word protein. Everyone tells you to eat proteins and then you will grown muscles. ”You will need more proteins if you want to build muscles” I hear these words all the time. But most of them dont even know what proteins really are, or what...
861 words
3 pages