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An Argument in Favor of Studying Glaciology, an Interdisciplinary Scientific Study of Glaciers and Natural Phenomena Involving Ice
Should Glaciology Be Studied? Glaciers are made up of fallen snow, that, over many years, compresses into large, thickened ice masses. They form when snow remains in one location long enough to transform into ice. Glaciers occupy about ten percent of the world's total land area, with the most glaciers located in polar regi...
Geologic Processes and Analyzation Provide Insight into Humanity's Past
Geologic Processes and Analyzation Provide Insight into Humanity’s Past Within the fields of Egyptology, Archaeology, Geology, and Astronomy there exists a great, highly contended and often heated debate about the time period in which the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Sphinx were built. This contested date, depending on th...
An Examination of the Paradigm of Catastrophism in Geology in Principles of Geology by Charles Lyell
A Review of Lyell’s Principles of Geology The concept and structure of a scientific revolution is historically significant in terms of measuring and defining how ideas have changed through centuries. Like the subject of study in geology—rocks, mountains, and so on—the principles of that science were, for the most part, ext...
The Plate Tectonic Theory, an Explanation of Seismic and Volcanic Events
A volcanic event occurs when there is a sudden or continuing release of energy caused by near-surface or surface magma movement. Seismic activity is defined as the types, frequency and size of earthquakes that happen over a period of time in a certain area. Plate tectonics is the theory that the outer rigid layer of the ear...
A Study on Strand Plains and Determining Sea Level
Introduction: Strand Plains, and areas like them, have been subject of study in recent past years due to their ability to retain geomorphic structures from previous time periods, making them a beneficial study site. One such study on the subject, written by Tamura et. al, notes that, “Beach deposits in the subsurface of a...
The Role and Importance of Barrier Islands in the Protection of Land Masses
Barrier islands play an influential role in the protection of land masses from forces such as flooding and storm surges. These islands are critical both to survival of various species and the thriving of environments formed in the inlets between the islands and the lands. It also protects civilization, allowing human activi...
The Scientific Methods of Determining the Ages of Fossils and Rocks
There several well-tested techniques of determining the ages of fossils and rocks that are utilized by a scientist. These methods include relative dating and radiometric dating. Relative dating is a technique where the layers of rock and fossils are positioned in order from the oldest to the youngest while radiometric enabl...
An Examination of the Phenomenon of Volcanic Lightning
Volcanic lightning is a phenomenon in which lightning is generated amid large volcanic eruptions, mostly deep seated within the ejected plume. The lightning is also mostly prominent during the beginning of an eruption. Not all volcanic eruptions produce lightning as it is mostly a rare occurrence in which the source of its...
The Geologic History of the Illinois Basin
The Illinois state is located in the central lowland province and is part of a vast Paleozoic depositional and structural basin known as the Illinois Basin. The Illinois Basin underlies most of the state of Illinois and extends into Indiana and Kentucky. The typical topography of Illinois includes flat planes with some smal...
The Preparation for Volcanic Hazards and Disasters
Volcano Paper Mount Saint Helens, Nevado del Ruiz, and Mount Pinatubo devastating eruptions all have contributed in the preparation for volcanic hazards and disasters for the next eruption of Mount Rainier. Mount Saint Helens geologists have shown that regions previously filled with pyroclastic flow and landslides can be m...