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In the years preceding 1939 Sigmund Freud who is considered the father of psychoanalysis Morgan 2 prepared a summarized version of his theories of psychoanalysis in An Outline of Psychoanalysis Freuds theory breaks the psyche mental life of an individual into three portions the id the ego and the superego each with its own distinct function Freud 13 In William Goldings Lord of the Flies the main characters have distinct personalities that clash with each other much like the id and the superego With some thought and interpretation these characters can be applied to Freuds theories The id is the oldest of the sections involved in psychoanalysis Freud 14 It relies upon instincts to make decisions and everything in the id is genetically inherited at birth Freud 14 Goldings Jack in Lord of the Flies is most representative of the id as he primarily relies upon hunting as a means of gathering food and bands his followers together in a tribe which utilizes little communication and acts primarily upon impulse He Jack tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up Golding 51 Jack posses all the characteristics of the id he is violent he resorts to primordial instincts in many cases and he fails to utilize language effectively to voice his concerns and opinions The ego is the intermediary between the id and the superego The ids primary function is to create a balance between the two extremes with that balance being the most favorable for both pleasure and survival in relation to the idthe ego decides whether they are allowed satisfaction by postponing that satisfaction to times and circumstances favorable in the external world or by suppressing their excitations entirely Freud 14-15 Ralph most definitely represents the ego especially with his regulation of the fire allowing the boys to play allowing satisfaction when appropriate but also to man the fire when it is necessary to do so
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