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The sixties were the age of youth as 70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults The movement away from the conservative fifties continued and eventually resulted in revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life No longer content to be images of the generation ahead of them young people wanted change The changes affected education values lifestyles laws and entertainment Many of the revolutionary ideas which began in the sixties are continuing to evolve today During the sixties college campuses became centers of debate and scenes of protest more than ever before Great numbers of young adults Baby Boomers were reaching military draft age and not yet voting age minimum voting age did not become 18 until 1971 caused a struggle which played out on many campuses as the country became more involved in the Vietnam War In 1966 James S Coleman commissioned by the government published Equality of Educational Opportunity a landmark study that led the way to forced integration and bussing in the 1970s The Civil Rights movement made great changes in society in the 1960s The movement began peacefully with Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests joined by Whites and Jews Malcolm X preached black superiority and by the end of the decade the Black Panthers were advocating black separatism violence and anti-semitism The term blacks became socially acceptable replacing negroes The number of Hispanic Americans tripled during the decade and became recognized as an oppressed minority Cesar Chavez organized Hispanics in the United Farm Workers Association American Indians facing unemployment rates of 50 and a life expectancy only two-thirds that of whites began to assert themselves in the courts and in violent protests The Presidential Commission of the Status of Women 1963 presented disturbing facts about womens place in our society Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinham National Organization of
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