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Socrates Parmenides and the Unchanging World During the Hellenic Age or the fourth and fifth centuries BC in Athens it was unconventional for a philosopher to profess to know anything about the gods Although they were risking being labeled blasphemers Parmenides and Socrates devised their own theories to explain the world These theories consisted of dividing everything into two areas that which is real and that which is not In this paper I will discuss how Parmenides and Socrates developed their theories of the two worlds and how Socrates accepted Parmenides division into an illusory material and an unchanging world of being I will discuss Parmenides and Socrates philosophies and how the relations between them show that Socrates accepted Parmenides division of two worlds Parmenides lived in the generation prior to Socrates He was around 65 years old in 450 BC Parmenides believed that change and motion were merely illusions This assertion said that if something was more than an idea it was not concrete and therefore could not exist in reality He said that if something changed it could not be real Reality involved a single unmovable substance so if something moved or changed it could not be He defined being as pure existence without change If something is changing that means it is becoming therefore it is not being His theory created two types of worlds the sensible world and the intelligible world The sensible world consisted of what can be touched seen or felt such as a book a house or a dog Since these objets can be seen or touched and are in a constant state of change they are considered to be unreal Therefore they are not eternal and thus cannot be He defined being as that which never changes The intelligible world existed within the mind soul or spirit Examples of ideas existing in the intelligible world are hot or cold or death and living These
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